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负反馈是指教师对于学习者含有错误的话语的反馈。

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作       者:蒋景阳

出  版  社:浙江大学出版社

出版时间:2011-11-01

字       数:30.0万

所属分类: 教育 > 外语 > 实用英语

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  • 读书简介
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  • 读书简介
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负反馈是指教师对于学习者含有错误的话语的反馈。其目的在于提高语言学习者对自己的口语输出和目的语之间差异的注意程度,提高口语的表达能力和准确度。半个世纪以来,负反馈受到了人们的广泛关注,不仅因为它是第二语言课堂中重要的教师行为,而且它与语言教学和语言习得理论密切相关,同时也与第二课堂教学的有效性有关。      在本书中,蒋景阳博士探讨了课堂内针对学生口语错误的教师的负反馈是否能够提高学生的口语精确度和语言能力。该研究针对目前大学英语课堂学生口语错误的分布情况、教师提供负反馈现状,以及是否该纠错、如何纠错等问题得出了较为可信的结论和启示,是国内较为少见的针对负反馈的系统研究,对于一线教师的教学能提供很有价值的参考。
目录展开

序 Foreword

自序 Preface

摘要 Abstract

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 The Orientation of the Present Study

1.2 The Rationale of the Present Study

1.3 The Organization of the Dissertation

Chapter 2 Literature Review

2.1 Input, Intake and Uptake

2.2 Interlanguage, Comprehensible Output and Modified Output

2.3 Interaction Hypothesis and Negative Feedback

2.4 Attention and Second Language Acquisition (SLA)

2.5 Cognitive and SLA Frameworks of Focus on Form

2.6 Error Treatment

2.7 Negative Feedback

2.8 Related Studies of NF in China and Abroad

Chapter 3 Research Design and Methodology

3.1 The Purpose of the Research

3.2 Research Design and Data Collection

3.2.1 The Design

3.2.2 Subjects

3.2.3 Instruments

Chapter 4 Results and Data Analysis

4.1 Data of Errors and NF during Classroom Teacher- Student Interaction

4.1.1 The Quantity of Data and Its Transcribing Principle

4.1.2 The Identifying of Error and Error Treatment Sequence (ETS)

4.1.3 The Coding of the ETS

4.1.4 Data of Errors and ETS in Classroom Teacher-Student Interaction

4.2 Data of the Two Questionnaires

4.2.1 Results of the First Questionnaire

4.2.2 Data of the Second Questionnaire

4.3 Data of Grammar Test for Experiment 1

4.4 Data of Pre- and Post- Oral Test for Experiment 1

4.4.1 The Results of the Oral Tests for Experiment 1

4.4.2 The Analysis of the Use of Tenses in the Transcription of Experiment 1

4.4.3 Results of Standardised Type Token Ratio by Wordsmith 5.0

4.5 Data of Pre- and Post- Oral Test for Experiments 2 and 3

4.5.1 The Results of the Oral Tests for Experiment 2

4.5.2 The Results of the Oral Tests for Experiment 3

Chapter 5 General Discussions

5.1 Introduction

5.2 The Distribution Pattern of Errors

5.3 The Distribution Pattern of NF, Errors & NF, NF & Uptake

5.4 More Discussions on Recast

5.5 Students’ Feedback Towards Negative Feedback

5.6 The General Effect of NF on Oral Proficiency

Chapter 6 Findings, Implications and Limitations

6.1 Findings

6.2 Implications

6.2.1 Theoretical Implications

6.2.2 Pedagogical Implications

6.3 Limitations

6.4 Suggestions for Future Research

References

Appendix

Ⅰ Grammar Pretest

Ⅱ Grammar Posttest

Ⅲ Questionnaire 1 (Before the NF Treatment)

Ⅳ Questionnaire 2 (After the NF Treatment)

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