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NGINX High Performance电子书

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67人正在读 | 0人评论 9.8

作       者:Rahul Sharma

出  版  社:Packt Publishing

出版时间:2015-07-16

字       数:211.4万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 电脑/网络

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System administrators, developers, and engineers looking for ways to achieve maximum performance from NGINX will find this book beneficial. If you are looking for solutions such as how to handle more users from the same system or load your website pages faster, then this is the book for you.
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NGINX High Performance

Table of Contents

NGINX High Performance

Credits

About the Author

About the Reviewers

www.PacktPub.com

Support files, eBooks, discount offers, and more

Why Subscribe?

Free Access for Packt account holders

Preface

What this book covers

What you need for this book

Who this book is for

Conventions

Reader feedback

Customer support

Downloading the example code

Errata

Piracy

Questions

1. Working with NGINX

The NGINX architecture

Installing NGINX from source

Build requirements

The ANSI C compiler and build system

libatomic_ops and AIO – optional requirements

Perl – an optional requirement

The Perl Compatible Regular Expressions library – an optional requirement

OpenSSL – an optional requirement

Zlib – an optional requirement

Configuring NGINX

Configuring NGINX defaults

Configuring NGINX modules

Configuring NGINX for the Web

Configuring NGINX for e-mail

Configuring third-party modules

NGINX – the complete package

Building and installing NGINX

Deploying in NGINX

Deploying NGINX

Summary

2. Benchmarking the Server

Performance testing

Using timeouts

Baselines

A note about tools

Generating metrics using Siege

Installing Siege

Running Siege

Siege test results

Generating metrics using Apache JMeter

Installing JMeter

Installing Java

Setting JAVA_HOME

Running JMeter

Components of JMeter

Threads

Sampler

Configuration elements

Assertions

Listeners

Test plan

Building JMeter test plans

JMeter test results

Summary

3. Tweaking NGINX Configuration

NGINX configuration syntax

Configuring NGINX workers

worker_processes

accept_mutex

accept_mutex_delay

worker_connections

worker_rlimit_nofile

multi_accept

use

Configuring NGINX I/O

Sendfile

Direct I/O

Asynchronous I/O

Mixing them up

Configuring TCP

TCP_NODELAY

TCP_CORK

Setting them up

Setting up the server

Measuring gains

Summary

4. Controlling Buffers, Timeouts, and Compression

Configuring buffers

client_body_buffer_size

client_max_body_size

client_body_in_file_only

client_body_in_single_buffer

client_body_temp_path

client_header_buffer_size

large_client_header_buffers

Configuring timeouts

keepalive

keepalive_timeout

keepalive_requests

keepalive_disable

send_timeout

client_body_timeout

client_header_timeout

Compression

ngx_http_gzip_module

gzip

gzip_comp_level

gzip_min_length

gzip_types

gzip_proxied

gzip_http_version

gzip_vary

gzip_disable

ngx_http_gzip_static_module

gzip_static

ngx_http_gunzip_module

gunzip

Configuring logs

access_log

log_format

log_subrequest

error_log

log_not_found

Setting up the server

Measuring gains

Summary

5. Configuring the Network Stack

TCP buffers

The TCP window

TCP control algorithms

TCP states

Raising server limits

The queue size

The listen socket queue size

Half-opened connections

Ephemeral ports

Open files

Setting up the server

Summary

6. Using NGINX Cache

Caching static content

open_file_cache

open_file_cache_valid

open_file_cache_min_uses

open_file_cache_errors

Setting up the server

Caching dynamic content

Using FastCGI and the related cache

Installing PHP

Deploying PHP scripts

Configuring php-fpm

Configuring NGINX FastCGI

fastcgi_pass

fastcgi_param

fastcgi_index

fastcgi_split_path_info

fastcgi_bind

fastcgi_ignore_headers

fastcgi_pass_request_headers / fastcgi_pass_request_body

fastcgi_connect_timeout / fastcgi_send_timeout / fastcgi_read_timeout

fastcgi_store / fastcgi_store_access

Setting up the server

Configuring the FastCGI cache

fastcgi_cache_path

fastcgi_cache_key

fastcgi_cache

fastcgi_cache_valid

fastcgi_no_cache

fastcgi_cache_bypass

fastcgi_cache_methods

fastcgi_cache_use_stale

Setting up the server

Using Proxy and the related cache

Installing Python and Flask

Building a Python application

Configuring NGINX Proxy

proxy_pass

proxy_method

proxy_set_header

proxy_http_version

proxy_pass_request_headers / proxy_pass_request_body

proxy_ignore_headers

proxy_connect_timeout / proxy_send_timeout / proxy_read_timeout

proxy_store / proxy_store_access

proxy_cache_path

proxy_cache_key

proxy_cache

proxy_cache_valid

proxy_no_cache

proxy_cache_bypass

proxy_cache_methods

proxy_cache_use_stale

Setting up the server

Using Memcache

memcached_pass

memcached_connect_timeout / memcached_send_timeout / memcached_read_timeout

memcached_bind

Setting up the server

Measuring gains

Summary

7. Extending NGINX

The Lua scripting language

The NGINX Lua module

Installation

Directives

lua_package_path

lua_shared_dict

init_by_lua/init_by_lua_file

set_by_lua/set_by_lua_file

content_by_lua/content_by_lua_file

header_filter_by_lua/header_filter_by_lua_file

body_filter_by_lua/body_filter_by_lua_file

access_by_lua/access_by_lua_file

rewrite_by_lua/rewrite_by_lua_file

log_by_lua/log_by_lua_file

The NGINX-Lua API

ngx.arg

ngx.var.varName

ngx.say/ngx.print

ngx.location.capture/ngx.location.capture_multi

ngx.ctx

ngx.status

ngx.header.HeaderField

ngx.req.functions

ngx.shared.DictionaryName

ngx.socket.tcp

NGINX Lua libraries

Setting up the server

The problem statement

Statement

Summary

Index

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