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This Will Make You Smarter电子书

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作       者:Brockman, John

出  版  社:Harper Perennial

出版时间:2012-02-14

字       数:58.9万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 文学/自传/回忆录

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Featuring a foreword by David Brooks, This Will Make You Smarter presents brilliant but accessible ideas to expand every mind. What scientific concept would improve everybody cognitive toolkitThis is the question John Brockman, publisher of Edge.org, posed to the world most influential thinkers. Their visionary answers flow from the frontiers of psychology, philosophy, economics, physics, sociology, and more. Surprising and enlightening, these insights will revolutionize the way you think about yourself and the world. Daniel Kahneman on the “focusing illusion” Jonah Lehrer on controlling attention Richard Dawkins on experimentation Aubrey De Grey on conquering our fear of the unknown Martin Seligman on the ingredients of well-being Nicholas Carr on managing “cognitive load” Steven Pinker on win-win negotiating Daniel C. Dennett on benefiting from cycles Jaron Lanier on resisting delusion Frank Wilczek on the brain hidden layers Clay Shirky on the “80/20 rule” Daniel Goleman on understanding our connection to the natural world V. S. Ramachandran on paradigm shifts Matt Ridley on tapping collective intelligence John McWhorter on path dependence Lisa Randall on effective theorizing Brian Eno on “ecological vision” Richard Thaler on rooting out false concepts J. Craig Venter on the multiple possible origins of life Helen Fisher on temperament Sam Harris on the flow of thought Lawrence Krauss on living with uncertainty
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Contents

David Brooks: Foreword

John Brockman: Preface

“Deep Time” and the Far Future

We Are Unique

The Mediocrity Principle

The Pointless Universe

The Copernican Principle

We Are Not Alone in the Universe

Microbes Run the World

The Double-Blind Control Experiment

Promoting a Scientific Lifestyle

Experimentation

The Controlled Experiment

Gedankenexperiment

The Pessimistic Meta-Induction from the History of Science

Each of Us Is Ordinary, Yet One of a Kind

Nexus Causality, Moral Warfare, and Misattribution Arbitrage

Self-Serving Bias

Cognitive Humility

Technologies Have Biases

Bias Is the Nose for the Story

Control Your Spotlight

The Focusing Illusion

The Uselessness of Certainty

Uncertainty

A Sense of Proportion About Fear of the Unknown

Because

The Name Game

Living Is Fatal

Uncalculated Risk

Truth Is a Model

E Pluribus Unum

A Proxemics of Urban Sexuality

Failure Liberates Success

Holism

TANSTAAFL

Skeptical Empiricism

Open Systems

Non-Inherent Inheritance

Shifting Baseline Syndrome

PERMA

Positive-Sum Games

The Snuggle for Existence

The Law of Comparative Advantage

Structured Serendipity

The World is Unpredictable

Randomness

The Kaleidoscopic Discovery Engine

Inference to the Best Explanation

Pragmamorphism

Cognitive Load

To Curate

“Graceful” SHAs

Externalities

Everything Is in Motion

Subselves and the Modular Mind

Predictive Coding

Our Sensory Desktop

The Senses and the Multisensory

The Umwelt

The Rational Unconscious

We Are Blind to Much That Shapes Our Mental Life

An Instinct to Learn

Think Bottom Up, Not Top Down

Fixed-Action Patterns

Powers of 10

Life Code

Constraint Satisfaction

Cycles

Keystone Consumers

Cumulative Error

Cultural Attractors

Scale Analysis

Hidden Layers

“Science”

The Expanding In-Group

Contingent Superorganisms

The Pareto Principle

Find That Frame

Wicked Problems

Anthropocene Thinking

Homo dilatus

We Are Lost in Thought

The Phenomenally Transparent Self-Model

Correlation Is Not a Cause

Information Flow

Thinking in Time Versus Thinking Outside of Time

Negative Capability Is a Profound Therapy

Depth

Temperament Dimensions

The Personality/Insanity Continuum

ARISE

Systemic Equilibrium

Projective Thinking

Anomalies and Paradigms

Recursive Structure

Designing Your Mind

Free Jazz

Collective Intelligence

Risk Literacy

Science Versus Theater

The Base Rate

Findex

An Assertion Is Often an Empirical Question, Settled by Collecting Evidence

Scientists Should Be Scientists

Bricoleur

Science’s Methods Aren’t Just for Science

The Game of Life—and Looking for Generators

Anecdotalism

You Can Show That Something Is Definitely Dangerous but Not That It’s Definitely Safe

Absence and Evidence

Path Dependence

Interbeing

The Other

Ecology

Dualities

Dualities

The Paradox

Hunting for Root Cause: The Human “Black Box”

Personal Data Mining

Parallelism in Art and Commerce

Innovation

The Gibbs Landscape

Black Swan Technologies

Kakonomics

Kayfabe

Einstein’s Blade in Ockham’s Razor

Heat-Seeking Missiles

Entanglement

Technology Paved the Way for Humanity

Time Span of Discretion

Defeasibility

Aether

Knowledge as a Hypothesis

The Einstellung Effect

Homo sensus sapiens: The Animal That Feels and Reasons

Understanding Confabulation

Sexual Selection

QED Moments

Objects of Understanding and Communication

Life as a Side Effect

The Veeck Effect

Supervenience!

The Culture Cycle

Phase Transitions and Scale Transitions

Replicability

Ambient Memory and the Myth of Neutral Observation

A Statistically Significant Difference in Understanding the Scientific Process

The Dece(i)bo Effect

Anthropophilia

A Solution for Collapsed Thinking: Signal Detection Theory

Everyday Apophenia

A Cognitive Toolkit Full of Garbage

Excerpt from What Should We Be Worried About?

Preface: The Edge Question

The Real Risk Factors for War

MADness

We are in Denial About Catastrophic Risks

Living without the Internet For a Couple of Weeks

Acknowledgments

Index

About the Author

Books by John Brockman

Credits

Copyright

About the Publisher

Footnotes

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