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Magento 2 Developer's Guide电子书

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81人正在读 | 0人评论 6.2

作       者:Branko Ajzele

出  版  社:Packt Publishing

出版时间:2015-12-23

字       数:198.0万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 电脑/网络

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Harness the power of Magento 2 – The most recent version of the world’s favourite e-Commerce platform for your online store About This Book Set up, configure, and power up your Magento environment from development to production Master the use of Web API to communicate with the Magento system and create custom services Create custom modules from scratch to extend the core functionality of the Magento system Who This Book Is For This book is intended primarily for intermediate to professional-level PHP developers who are interested in Magento development. For backend developers, several topics are covered that will enable you to modify and extend your Magento 2 store. Frontend developers will also find some coverage on how to customize the look of the site in the frontend. What You Will Learn Set up the development and production environment of Magento 2 Understand the new major concepts and conventions used in Magento 2 Build a miniature yet fully-functional module from scratch to manage your e-commerce platform efficiently Write models and collections to manage and search your entity data Dive into backend development such as creating events, observers, cron jobs, logging, profiling, and messaging features Get to the core of frontend development such as blocks, templates, layouts, and the themes of Magento 2 Use token, session, and Oauth token-based authentication via various flavors of API calls, as well as creating your own APIs Get to grips with testing Magento modules and custom themes, which forms an integral part of development In Detail Magento is one of the most exciting, flexible, and customizable e-commerce systems. It offers you an extensive suite of powerful tools for creating and managing an online store. After years of development, Magento 2 introduces itself with a strong emphasis on modularity, Web API's, automated testing and overall new technology stack platform. The long-awaited Magento 2 release introduces a whole new e-commerce platform to develop online stores. The all new Magento 2 architecture, Web APIs, and a host of other features are equally challenging to master as much as they are exciting to use. This book will ease the learning curve by offering step-by-step guidance on how to extend the core functionality of your Magento 2 store. This book is your one-stop guide to build and customize a quality e-commerce website from the latest version of one of the largest, fastest growing, and most popular e-commerce platforms—Magento 2. We start off with an introduction to the fundamental concepts of Magento to give you a foundation to work from. We then move on to configure the development and basic production environment for Magento. After this, you’ll get to grips with the major concepts and conventions that are new to the Magento 2 platform. We then delve deeper to get to the core of automated deployments, persisting data, writing data fixture *s and applying various backend and frontend modifications. As we near the end of the book, you will learn to make API calls and write automated tests. Finally, you will be guided through building a full-blown helpdesk module from scratch. By the end of this book, you will have learned a wide range of techniques to extend and customize your Magento 2 store to fit the requirements of your business. Style and approach This book is a mix of theoretical and step-by-step approaches, explained in a conversational and easy-to-follow style. Topics are explained sequentially, giving detailed explanations of the basic and advanced features to get you working on Magento 2.
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Magento 2 Developer's Guide

Table of Contents

Magento 2 Developer's Guide

Credits

About the Author

About the Reviewer

www.PacktPub.com

Support files, eBooks, discount offers, and more

Why subscribe?

Free access for Packt account holders

Preface

What this book covers

What you need for this book

Who this book is for

Conventions

Reader feedback

Customer support

Downloading the example code

Errata

Piracy

Questions

1. Understanding the Platform Architecture

The technology stack

The architectural layers

The top-level filesystem structure

The module filesystem structure

Summary

2. Managing the Environment

Setting up a development environment

VirtualBox

Vagrant

Vagrant project

Provisioning PHP

Provisioning MySQL

Provisioning Apache

Provisioning Magento installation

Setting up a production environment

Introduction to Amazon Web Services

Setting up access for S3 usage

Creating IAM users

Creating IAM groups

Setting up S3 for database and media files backup

Bash script for automated EC2 setup

Setting up EC2

Setting up Elastic IP and DNS

Summary

3. Programming Concepts and Conventions

Composer

Service contracts

Code generation

The var directory

Coding standards

Summary

4. Models and Collections

Creating a miniature module

Creating a simple model

Creating an EAV model

Understanding the flow of schema and data scripts

Creating an install schema script (InstallSchema.php)

Creating an upgrade schema script (UpgradeSchema.php)

Creating an install data script (InstallData.php)

Creating an upgrade data script (UpgradeData.php)

Entity CRUD actions

Creating new entities

Reading existing entities

Updating existing entities

Deleting existing entities

Managing collections

Collection filters

Summary

5. Using the Dependency Injection

The object manager

Dependency injection

Configuring class preferences

Using virtual types

Summary

6. Plugins

Creating a plugin

Using the before listener

Using the after listener

Using the around listener

The plugin sort order

Summary

7. Backend Development

Cron jobs

Notification messages

Session and cookies

Logging

The profiler

Events and observers

Cache(s)

Widgets

Custom variables

i18n

Indexer(s)

Summary

8. Frontend Development

Rendering flow

View elements

Ui components

Containers

Blocks

Block architecture and life cycle

Templates

Layouts

Themes

Creating a new theme

JavaScript

Creating a custom JS component

CSS

Summary

9. The Web API

User types

Authentication methods

REST versus SOAP

Hands-on with token-based authentication

Hands-on with OAuth-based authentication

OAuth-based Web API calls

Hands-on with session-based authentication

Creating custom Web APIs

API call examples

The getById service method call examples

The getList service method call examples

The save (as new) service method call examples

The save (as update) service method call examples

The deleteById service method call examples

Search Criteria Interface for list filtering

Summary

10. The Major Functional Areas

CMS management

Managing blocks manually

Managing blocks via code

Managing blocks via API

Managing pages manually

Managing pages via code

Managing pages via API

Catalog management

Managing categories manually

Managing categories via code

Managing categories via API

Managing products manually

Managing products via code

Managing products via API

Customer management

Managing customers manually

Managing customers via code

Managing customers via an API

Managing customer address via code

Managing customers address via an API

Products and customers import

The custom product types

Custom offline shipping methods

Custom offline payment methods

Summary

11. Testing

Types of tests

Unit testing

Integration testing

Static testing

Integrity testing

Legacy testing

Performance testing

Functional testing

Writing a simple unit test

Summary

12. Building a Module from Scratch

Module requirements

Registering a module

Creating a configuration file (config.xml)

Creating e-mail templates (email_templates.xml)

Creating a system configuration file (system.xml)

Creating access control lists (acl.xml)

Creating an installation script (InstallSchema.php)

Managing entity persistence (model, resource, collection)

Building a frontend interface

Creating routes, controllers, and layout handles

Creating blocks and templates

Handling form submissions

Building a backend interface

Linking the access control list and menu

Creating routes, controllers, and layout handles

Utilizing the grid widget

Creating a grid column renderer

Creating grid column options

Creating controller actions

Creating unit tests

Summary

Index

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