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How Life Began电子书

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作       者:Meinesz, Alexandre

出  版  社:University of Chicago Press

出版时间:2010-02-15

字       数:61.2万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 法律/政治/宗教

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  • 读书简介
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The origin of life is a hotly debated topic. The Christian Bible states that God created the heavens and the Earth, all in about seven days roughly six thousand years ago. This episode in Genesis departs markedly from scientific theories developed over the last two centuries which hold that life appeared on Earth about 3.5 billion years ago in the form of bacteria, followed by unicellular organisms half a millennia later. It is this version of genesis that Alexandre Meinesz explores in this engaging tale of life's origins and evolution.?How Life Began elucidates three origins, or geneses, of life-bacteria, nucleated cells, and multicellular organisms-and shows how evolution has sculpted life to its current biodiversity through four main events-mutation, recombination, natural selection, and geologic cataclysm.?As an ecologist who specializes in algae, the first organisms to colonize Earth, Meinesz brings a refreshingly novel voice to the history of biodiversity and emphasizes here the role of unions in organizing life. For example, the ingestion of some bacteria by other bacteria led to mitochondria that characterize animal and plant cells, and the chloroplasts of plant cells.?As Meinesz charmingly recounts, life's grandeur is a result of an evolutionary tendency toward sociality and solidarity. He suggests that it is our cohesion and collaboration that allows us to solve the environmental problems arising in the decades and centuries to come. Rooted in the science of evolution but enlivened with many illustrations from other disciplines and the arts, How Life Began?intertwines the rise of bacteria and multicellular life with Vermeer's portrait of Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, the story of Genesis and Noah, Meinesz's son's early experiences with Legos, and his own encounters with other scientists. All of this brings a very human and humanistic tone to Meinesz's charismatic narrative of the three origins of life.?
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Cover

Copyright

Title Page

Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Chapter 1. Henri’s Cave

Chapter 2. On the Origin of Life on Earth

Chapter 3. Papa, What’s a Bacterium?

Chapter 4. The Vampire Slug of the Killer Alga

Chapter 5. Vermeer and Van Leeuwenhoek

Chapter 6. The Densimeter

Chapter 7. The Lego Game

Chapter 8. Candide, Jurassic Park, and Noah

Chapter 9. The End of the Evolutionary String

Epilogue

Notes

Index

Plates

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