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Baroque Science电子书

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作       者:Gal, Ofer

出  版  社:University of Chicago Press

出版时间:2013-03-21

字       数:63.1万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 文学/自传/回忆录

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In Baroque Science, Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris present a radically new perspective on the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. Instead of celebrating the triumph of reason and rationality, they study the paradoxes and anxieties that stemmed from the New Science and the intellectual compromises that shaped it and enabled its spectacular success.?Gal and Chen-Morris show how the protagonists of the new mathematical natural philosophy grasped at the very far and very small by entrusting observation to the mediation of artificial instruments, and how they justified this mediation by naturalizing and denigrating the human senses. They show how the physical-mathematical ordering of heavens and earth demanded obscure and spurious mathematical procedures, replacing the divine harmonies of the late Renaissance with an assemblage of isolated, contingent laws and approximated constants.Finally, they show how the new savants, forced to contend that reason is hopelessly estranged from its surrounding world and that nature is irreducibly complex, turned to the passions to provide an alternative, naturalized foundation for their epistemology and ethics.?Enforcing order in the face of threatening chaos, blurring the boundaries of the natural and the artificial, and mobilizing the passions in the service of objective knowledge, the New Science, Gal and Chen-Morris reveal, is a Baroque phenomenon: deeply entrenched in and crucially formative of the culture of its time.
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Cover

Copyright

Title Page

Dedication

Contents

List of Figures

Acknowledgments

Introduction

In the Eye of the Painter

The Price of New Knowledge

The Opposition

The Power of Paradox

Baroque

The Argument

I. Observation

1. Science’s Disappearing Observer: Baroque Optics and the Enlightenment of Vision

Introduction

Kepler

Anxieties, Solutions, and Compromises

Descartes

Conclusion

2. Per aenigmate: Mirrors and Lenses as Cognitive Tools in Medieval and Renaissance Europe

Introduction

Spectacles

Through a Glass, Darkly

Signs and Symbols

The Aristotelian Order

Scholastic Light Metaphysics

Mediation

Transcending the Power of Reason

Conclusion

3. The Specter of the Telescope: Radical Instrumentalism from Galileo to Hooke

Introduction: Instruments and Cosmology

The Controversy over the Comets

The Supremacy of the Instrument

The Controversy Continues

Conclusion: What Is There to See?

II. Mathematization

4. Nature’s Drawing: Problems and Resolutions in the Mathematization of Motion

Introduction

Traces

Kepler

Galileo

Before Kepler

After Galileo

5. From Divine Order to Human Approximation: Mathematics in Baroque Science

Kepler and Newton

Kepler and Perfection

Newton and Disorder

Conclusion

6. The Emergence of Baroque Mathematical Natural Philosophy: An Archeology of the Inverse Square Law

Hooke and Newton

Hooke

Kepler

Before Kepler

Conclusion

III. Passions

7. Passions, Imagination, and the Persona of the New Savant

Introduction: The Princess and the Sage

Imagination

Rule of Reason

Passions

Abbreviations

Notes

Bibliography

Index

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