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Egyptian Oedipus电子书

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作       者:Stolzenberg, Daniel

出  版  社:University of Chicago Press

出版时间:2013-01-04

字       数:63.0万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 文学/自传/回忆录

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A contemporary of Descartes and Newton, Athanasius Kircher, S. J. (1601/2-80), was one of Europe's most inventive and versatile scholars in the baroque era. He published more than thirty works in fields as diverse as astronomy, magnetism, cryptology, numerology, geology, and music. But Kircher is most famous-or infamous-for his quixotic attempt to decipher the Egyptian hieroglyphs and reconstruct the ancient traditions they encoded. In 1655, after more than two decades of toil, Kircher published his solution to the hieroglyphs, Oedipus Aegyptiacus, a work that has been called "e;one of the most learned monstrosities of all times."e; Here Daniel Stolzenberg presents a new interpretation of Kircher's hieroglyphic studies, placing them in the context of seventeenth-century scholarship on paganism and Oriental languages.?Situating Kircher in the social world of baroque Rome, with its scholars, artists, patrons, and censors, Stolzenberg shows how Kircher's study of ancient paganism depended on the circulation of texts, artifacts, and people between Christian and Islamic civilizations. Along with other participants in the rise of Oriental studies, Kircher aimed to revolutionize the study of the past by mastering Near Eastern languages and recovering ancient manu*s hidden away in the legendary libraries of Cairo and Damascus. The spectacular flaws of his scholarship have fostered an image of Kircher as an eccentric anachronism, a throwback to the Renaissance hermetic tradition. Stolzenberg argues against this view, showing how Kircher embodied essential tensions of a pivotal phase in European intellectual history, when pre-Enlightenment scholars pioneered modern empirical methods of studying the past while still working within traditional frameworks, such as biblical history and beliefs about magic and esoteric wisdom.
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Cover

Copyright

Title Page

Epigraph

Contents

A Note on Quotations and Translations

List of Abbreviations

Introduction: Oedipus in Exile

1. Esoteric Antiquarianism

2. How to Get Ahead in the Republic of Letters

3. Oedipus in Rome

4. Ancient Theology and the Antiquarian

5. The Discovery of Oriental Antiquity

6. Erudition and Censorship

7. Symbolic Wisdom in an Age of Criticism

8. Oedipus at Large

Epilogue: The Twilight of Tradition and the Clear Light of History

Notes

Acknowledgments

Bibliography

Index

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