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中国历史人物(英文)电子书

本书由上海文化发展基金会图书出版专项基金资助出版。 本书通过优美流畅的语言向读者介绍了中国古代*有影响力的历史名人,每篇都配有生动有趣的插画,并附赠以作者手绘画稿制作而成的精美书签一份。

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453人正在读 | 0人评论 6.2

作       者:张慈贇

出  版  社:上海译文出版社

出版时间:2015-07-01

字       数:25.8万

所属分类: 教育 > 外语 > 实用英语

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了解一个国家,即是了解此国的人。在本书中,你将一览中国历史长河,认识曾在哲学、艺术、文学、宗教、科技和政治等领域留下深深烙印的88位重要人物。 To understand a country is to understand its people. In this book, we will take you on a tour through the long history of China to recall the life story of 88 important figures who left their personal marks in philosophy, art and literature, religion, science and technology and political movements. 了解一个国家,即是了解此国的人。在本书中,你将一览中国历史长河,认识曾在哲学、艺术、文学、宗教、科技和政治等领域留下深深烙印的88位重要人物。 To understand a country is to understand its people. In this book, we will take you on a tour through the long history of China to recall the life story of 88 important figures who left their personal marks in philosophy, art and literature, religion, science and technology and political movements.
【推荐语】
本书由上海文化发展基金会图书出版专项基金资助出版。 本书通过优美流畅的语言向读者介绍了中国古代*有影响力的历史名人,每篇都配有生动有趣的插画,并附赠以作者手绘画稿制作而成的精美书签一份。
【作者】
张慈贇,国内资深英文媒体人,高级编辑,享受国务院政府特殊津贴。自1980年起,参与《中国日报》创办,曾任中国日报社常务副总编辑。主持《北京周末报》、《上海英文星报》的创办,均为第一任总编辑。1996-2011年任上海市人民政府新闻办公室副主任,1999年创办《上海日报》社,任总编辑至2013年。现为中国翻译协会常务理事、上海翻译家协会副会长、《东方翻译》主编、上海外国语大学新闻传媒学院客座教授等。 主要译作:《聊斋志异》(外文出版社,1995,合译);《香港特别行政区基本法(草案)》(1988,合译);《翻译服务规范》(起草委员会成员/组长/英文定稿,中国标准化出版社,2004-2006);《中美关系史(1945-1949)》(资中筠著,美国哥大出版社,1991);《法国大革命的历史启示》(张芝联著,北京大学出版社,1989);《中国弹拨乐演奏》(马楠著,人民音乐出版社,1989);《中国教育法》(中译英,高教出版社,1986);《一个女记者的传奇》(英译中,新华出版社,1986,合译)等 Born in Shanghai in 1949, ZHANG Ciyun (Peter) graduated from Jilin Normal University, PRC with a major in English and later from Stanford University in the United States with a Master’s Degree in Journalism. Since 1980, he has worked for several newspapers and magazines in both Beijing and Shanghai. Also, he once served in the General Office of the Ministry of Communications as an interpreter and the Information Office of Shanghai Municipality as its Deputy General Director. An acclaimed translator, reporter and editor, Mr. Zhang has helped bring into existence four English-language newspapers on the Chinese mainland, namely, China Daily, Beijing Weekend, Shanghai Star and Shanghai Daily. He is now the Editor-in-Chief Emeritus of Shanghai Daily and an executive council member of Translation Association of China. He has translated and co-translated more than a dozen books and a large amount of documents, including Strange Stories of Liao Zhai Studio and the English version of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. He has also published many English and Chinese articles and theses in newspapers and magazines both in China and overseas.
目录展开

Introduction

老子 (Lǎo Zǐ circa 580 – 470 BC) A legendary philosopher

孔子 (Kǒng Zǐ 551 – 479 BC) The greatest thinker

墨子 (Mò Zǐ 468 – 376 BC) Pacifist thinker and inventor

孟子 (Mèng Zǐ 372 – 289 BC) Principal interpreter of Confucianism

庄子 (Zhuāng Zǐ circa 369 – 286 BC) Freewheeling Taoist

荀子 (Xún Zǐ circa 313 – 238 BC) ‘All humans are born evil’

韩非 (Hán Fēi circa 280 – 233 BC) Sage of ‘rule by fear’

王充 (Wáng Chōng 27–circa 99 AD) An iconoclastic thinker

朱熹 (Zhū Xǐ 1130 – 1200) Foremost Neo-Confucian thinker

黄宗羲 (Huáng Zōngxī 1610 – 1695) The Chinese Rousseau

王夫之 (Wáng Fūzhī 1619 – 1692) Enlightenment thinker

屈原 (Qū Yuán circa 340 – 278 BC) A great patriotic poet

司马相如 (Sīmǎ Xiàngrú circa 179 – 118 BC) The poet who eloped

司马迁 (Sī Mǎqiān circa 145 – 90 BC) Historiography father

曹植 (Cáo Zhí 192 – 232 AD) The poetical prodigy

王勃 (Wáng Bó 649 – 676 AD) Brief life, lasting fame

陈子昂 (Chén Zǐ’áng 661 – 702 AD) Tang poetry’s pioneer

李白 (Lǐ Bái 701 – 762 AD) The ‘God of Poetry’

杜甫 (Dù Fǔ 712 – 770 AD) Suffering poetry saint

苏轼 (Sū Shì 1037 – 1011) A rare, versatile scholar

李清照 (Lǐ Qīngzhào 1084 – 1151) Ci’s finest female poet

陆游 (Lù Yóu 1125 – 1210) The patriot of poetry

辛弃疾 (Xīn Qìjī 1140 – 1207) Lyric poet and patriot

关汉卿 (Guān Hànqīng 1225 – 1302) China’s own Shakespeare

施耐庵 (Shī Nài’ān 1296 – 1370) Author steeped in mystery

吴承恩 (Wú Chéng’ēn circa 1501 – 1582) Man behind Monkey King

曹雪芹 (Cáo Xuěqín circa 1715 – 1763 or 1764) The author of a great classic

玄奘 (Xuánzàng circa 602 – 664 AD) A great Buddhist monk

惠能 (Huìnéng 638 – 713 AD) Rustic patriarch

鲁班 (Lǔ Bān circa 507 – 444 BC) Legendary master carpenter

孙武 (Sūn Wǔ circa 535 – 480 BC) Winning ways of ancient strategist

扁鹊 (Biǎn Què circa 407 – 310 BC) The first physician in China

蔡伦 (Cài Lún circa 61 – 121 AD) Paper trail leads to eunuch Cai

张衡 (Zhāng Héng 78 – 139 AD) Inventor of the seismometer

张仲景 (Zhāng Zhōngjǐng circa 150 – 219 AD) Plague prompts doctor’s work

华佗 (Huá Tuó circa 145 – 208 AD) A pioneering Chinese surgeon

祖冲之 (Zǔ Chōngzhī 429 – 500 AD) An early Chinese star of astronomy

贾思勰 (Jiǎ Sīxié end of 5th century–mid-6th century) Scribe of guide to farming

郦道元 (Lì Dàoyuán circa 470 – 527 AD) Water writer plumbs new depths

孙思邈 (Sūn Sīmiǎo circa 581 – 682 AD) The ‘King of Medicine’

毕昇 (Bì Shēng 970 – 1051) Inventor of the world’s first movable type technology

沈括 (Shěn Kuò 1031 – 1095) China’s great scientific mind

黄道婆 (Huáng Dàopó circa 1245 – 1330) Granny’s great innovations

李时珍 (Lǐ Shízhēn 1518 – 1593) Saint of medicine and scribe of herbs

徐光启 (Xú Guāngqǐ 1562 – 1633) City’s son introduces European science

詹天佑 (Zhān Tiānyòu 1861 – 1919) Father of China’s railways

王羲之 (Wáng Xīzhī 303 – 361 AD) Sage of Chinese calligraphy

顾恺之 (Gù Kǎizhī 348 – 409 AD) Originator of Chinese painting

吴道子 (Wú Dàozǐ 680 – 759 AD) Painter’s death a tall tale

郑燮 (Zhèng Xiè 1693 – 1765) An eccentric painter who’s ‘occasionally muddle-headed’

管仲 (Guǎn Zhòng circa 720 – 645 BC) Leading reformer

项羽 (Xiàng Yǔ 232 – 202 BC) A prideful, tragic hero

王昭君 (Wáng Zhāojūn circa 52 – 20 BC) A beautiful lady helps keep peace

商鞅 (Shāng Yāng 390 – 338 BC) A great statesman and political reformer

陈胜 (Chén Shèng ? – 208 BC) Leader of first peasant rebellion

诸葛亮 (Zhūgě Liàng 181 – 234 AD) A godlike prophet

关羽 (Guān Yǔ 160 – 219 AD) Lord Guan revered for his bravery

魏征 (Wèi Zhēng 580 – 643 AD) Candid official earns great respect

鉴真 (Jiànzhēn 687 – 763 AD) Monk spreads the word in Japan

包拯 (Bāo Zhěng 999 – 1062) Iconic official who’s incorruptible

王安石 (Wáng Ānshí 1021 – 1068) Statesman with a gift for writin

岳飞 (Yuè Fēi 1103 – 1142) A peerless general and national hero

文天祥 (Wén Tiānxiáng 1236 – 1283) Hero stays loyal to the bitter end

郑和 (Zhèng Hé 1371 – 1433) Did the admiral discover the New World?

海瑞 (Hǎi Ruì 1514 – 1587) Moral official dares to criticize emperor

戚继光 (Qī Jìguāng 1528 – 1588) ‘Tiger General’ stops Japanese pirates

徐霞客 (Xú Xiákè 1586 – 1641) Intrepid explorer keeps a meticulous diary

郑成功 (Zhèng Chénggōng 1624 – 1662) A national hero who recaptures Taiwan

李自成 (Lǐ Zìchéng 1606 – 1645) Shortsighted military genius

林则徐 (Lín Zéxú 1785 – 1850) Patriotic official fights the opium trade

龚自珍 (Gōng Zìzhēn 1792 – 1841) A reform-minded official and poet

李鸿章 (Lǐ Hóngzhāng 1823 – 1901) Powerful official invites controversy

严复 (Yán Fù 1854 – 1921) Educator pushes for modernization

康有为 (Kāng Yǒuwéi 1858 – 1927) Reformer tries to change China

蔡元培 (Cài Yuánpéi 1868 – 1940) Educator supports civil rights movement

陶行知 (Táo Xíngzhī 1891 – 1946) A great educator and reformer

黄帝 (The Yellow Emperor reign 2697 – 2597 BC) Father of this great civilization

大禹 (Dà Yǔ circa ? – 2062 BC) Taming the long and wild rivers of China

秦始皇 (Qín Shǐ Huáng 259 – 210 BC) The ‘First Emperor’ of China

刘邦 (Liú Bāng 256 – 195 BC) Founder of the powerful Han Dynasty

汉武帝 (Emperor Wu of Han 156 – 87 BC) Insatiable ambition for territorial expansion

曹操 (Cáo Cāo 155 – 220 AD) Speak of his name and he arrives

李世民 (Lǐ Shìmín 599 – 649 AD) Creator of a dynastic golden age

武则天 (Wǔ Zétiān 624 – 705 AD) The only empress regnant in China’s history

成吉思汗 (Genghis Khan 1162 – 1227) Founder of the world’s largest empire

朱元璋 (Zhū Yuánzhāng 1328 – 1398) From a beggar to an emperor

康熙 (Emperor Kangxi 1654 – 1722) Longest reign brings prosperity

慈禧太后 (Empress Dowager Cixi 1835 – 1908) Mysterious ‘Queen without a Crown’

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