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Story of Philosophy电子书

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作       者:Will Durant

出  版  社:Simon & Schuster

出版时间:2012-07-24

字       数:97.1万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 法律/政治/宗教

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A brilliant and concise account of the lives and ideas of the great philosophers -- Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, Spinoza, Voltaire, Kant, Schopenhauer, Spencer, Nietzsche, Bergson, Croce, Russell, Santayana, James and Dewey --?The Story of Philosophy?is one of the great books of our time. Few write for the nonspecialist as well as Will Durant, and this book is a splendid example of his eminently readable scholarship. Durant's insight and wit never cease to dazzle;?The Story of Philosophy?is a key book for any reader who wishes to survey the history and development of philosophical ideas in the Western world.
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Cover

About Will Durant

Title Page

Copyright Page

Dedication

Preface to The Second Edition

Introduction: On The Uses of Philosophy

Chapter I: Plato

I. The Context of Plato

II. Socrates

III. The Preparation of Plato

IV. The Ethical Problem

V. The Political Problem

VI. The Psychological Problem

VII. The Psychological Solution

VIII. The Political Solution

IX. The Ethical Solution

X. Criticism

Chapter II: Aristotle and Greek Science

I. The Historical Background

II. The Work of Aristotle

III. The Foundation of Logic

IV. The Organization of Science

1. Greek Science before Aristotle

2. Aristotle as a Naturalist

3. The Foundation of Biology

V. Metaphysics and the Nature of God

VI. Psychology and the Nature of Art

VII. Ethics and the Nature of Happiness

VIII. Politics

1. Communism and Conservatism

2. Marriage and Education

3. Democracy and Aristocracy

IX. Criticism

X. Later Life and Death

Chapter III: Francis Bacon

I. From Aristotle to the Renaissance

II. The Political Career of Francis Bacon

III. The Essays

IV. The Great Reconstruction

1. The Advancement of Learning

2. The New Organon

3. The Utopia of Science

V. Criticism

VI. Epilogue

Chapter IV: Spinoza

I. Historical and Biographical

1. The Odyssey of the Jews

2. The Education of Spinoza

3. Excommunication

4. Retirement and Death

II. The Treatise on Religion and the State

III. The Improvement of the Intellect

IV. The Ethics

1. Nature and God

2. Matter and Mind

3. Intelligence and Morals

4. Religion and Immortality

V. The Political Treatise

VI. The Influence of Spinoza

Chapter V: Voltaire and The French Enlightenment

I. Paris: Œdipe

II. London: Letters on the English

III. Cirey: The Romances

IV. Potsdam and Frederick

V. Les Délices: The Essay on Morals

VI. Ferney: Candide

VII. The Encyclopedia and the Philosophic Dictionary

VIII. Ecrasez I’Infame

IX. Voltaire and Rousseau

X. Dénouement

Chapter VI: Immanuel Kant and German Idealism

I. Roads to Kant

1. From Voltaire to Kant

2. From Locke to Kant

3. From Rousseau to Kant

II. Kant Himself

III. The Critique of Pure Reason

1. Transcendental Esthetic

2. Transcendental Analytic

3. Transcendental Dialectic

IV. The Critique of Practical Reason

V. On Religion and Reason

VI. On Politics and Eternal Peace

VII. Criticism and Estimate

VIII. A Note on Hegel

Chapter VII: Schopenhauer

I. The Age

II. The Man

III. The World as Idea

IV. The World as Will

1. The Will to Live

2. The Will to Reproduce

V. The World as Evil

VI. The Wisdom of Life

1. Philosophy

2. Genius

3. Art

4. Religion

VII. The Wisdom of Death

VIII. Criticism

Chapter VIII: Herbert Spencer

I. Comte and Darwin

II. The Development of Spencer

III. First Principles

1. The Unknowable

2. Evolution

IV. Biology: The Evolution of Life

V. Psychology: The Evolution of Mind

VI. Sociology: The Evolution of Society

VII. Ethics: The Evolution of Morals

VIII. Criticism

1. First Principles

2. Biology and Psychology

3. Sociology and Ethics

IX. Conclusion

Chapter IX: Friedrich Nietzsche

I. The Lineage of Nietzsche

II. Youth

III. Nietzsche and Wagner

IV. The Song of Zarathustra

V. Hero-morality

VI. The Superman

VII. Decadence

VIII. Aristocracy

IX. Criticism

X. Finale

Chapter X: Contemporary European Philosophers

I. Henri Bergson

1. The Revolt Against Materialism

2. Mind and Brain

3. Creative Evolution

4. Criticism

II. Benedetto Croce

1. The Man

2. The Philosophy of the Spirit

3. What Is Beauty?

4. Criticism

III. Bertrand Russell

1. The Logician

2. The Reformer

3. Epilogue

Chapter XI: Contemporary American Philosophers

Introduction

I. George Santayana

1. Biographical

2. Scepticism and Animal Faith

3. Reason in Science

4. Reason in Religion

5. Reason in Society

6. Comment

II. William James

1. Personal

2. Pragmatism

3. Pluralism

4. Comment

III. John Dewey

1. Education

2. Instrumentalism

3. Science and Politics

Glossary

Bibliography

Index

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