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Anatomy of Melancholy电子书

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作       者:Robert Burton

出  版  社:Seltzer Books

出版时间:2018-03-01

字       数:302.1万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 文学/自传/回忆录

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According to Wikipedia: "The Anatomy of Melancholy (Full title: The Anatomy of Melancholy, What it is: With all the Kinds, Causes, Symptomes, Prognostickes, and Several Cures of it. In Three Maine Partitions with their several Sections, Members, and Subsections. Philosophically, Medicinally, Historically, Opened and Cut Up) is a book by Robert Burton, first published in 1621. Burton's book consists mostly of a collection of opinions of a multitude of writers, grouped under quaint and old-fashioned divisions; in a solemn tone Burton endeavoured to prove indisputable facts by weighty quotations. The subjects discussed and determined by Burton ranged from the doctrines of religion to military discipline, from inland navigation to the morality of dancing-schools. On its surface, the book is presented as a medical textbook in which Burton applies his vast and varied learning, in the scholastic manner, to the subject of melancholia (which includes what is now termed clinical depression). Though presented as a medical text, The Anatomy of Melancholy is as much a sui generis work of literature as it is a scientific or philosophical text, and Burton addresses far more than his stated subject. In fact, the Anatomy uses melancholy as the lens through which all human emotion and thought may be scrutinized, and virtually the entire contents of a 17th-century library are marshalled into service of this goal. It is encyclopedic in its range and reference. In his satirical preface to the reader, Burton's persona Democritus Junior explains, "I write of melancholy by being busy to avoid melancholy." This is characteristic of the author's style, which often supersedes the book's strengths as a medical text or historical document as its main source of appeal to admirers. Both satirical and serious in tone, the Anatomy is "vitalized by (Burton's) pervading humour",[3] and Burton's digressive and inclusive style, often verging on a stream of consciousness, consistently informs and animates the text."
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ANATOMY OF MELANCHOLY BY ROBERT BURTON

Introduction to this Edition.

ADVERTISEMENT TO THE LAST LONDON EDITION.

ACCOUNT OF THE AUTHOR.

EXTRACTED FROM THE REGISTRY OF THE PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY.

DEMOCRITUS JUNIOR AD LIBRUM SUUM.

DEMOCRITUS JUNIOR TO HIS BOOK

THE ARGUMENT OF THE FRONTISPIECE.

THE AUTHOR'S ABSTRACT OF MELANCHOLY, [Greek: Dialogos]

DEMOCRITUS JUNIOR TO THE READER.

LECTORI MALE FERIATO.

TO THE READER AT LEISURE.

THE SYNOPSIS OF THE FIRST PARTITION.

THE FIRST PARTITION.

SUBSECT . II.--The Definition, Number, Division of Diseases.

SUBSECT . III.--Division of the Diseases of the Head.

SUBSECT . IV.--Dotage, Frenzy, Madness, Hydrophobia, Lycanthropia, Chorus sancti Viti, Extasis.

SUBSECT . V.--Melancholy in Disposition, improperly so called, Equivocations.

SUBSECT . II.--Division of the Body, Humours, Spirits.

SUBSECT . III.--Similar Parts.

SUBSECT . IV.--Dissimilar Parts.

SUBSECT . V.--Of the Soul and her Faculties.

SUBSECT . VI.--Of the sensible Soul.

SUBSECT . VII.--Of the Inward Senses.

SUBSECT . VIII.--Of the Moving Faculty.

SUBSECT . IX.--Of the Rational Soul.

SUBSECT . X.--Of the Understanding.

SUBSECT . XI.--Of the Will.

SUBSECT . II.--Of the part affected. Affection. Parties affected.

SUBSECT . III.--Of the Matter of Melancholy.

SUBSECT . IV.--Of the species or kinds of Melancholy.

SUBSECT . II.--A Digression of the nature of Spirits, bad Angels, or Devils, and how they cause Melancholy.

SUBSECT . III.--Of Witches and Magicians, how they cause Melancholy.

SUBSECT . IV.--Stars a cause. Signs from Physiognomy, Metoposcopy, Chiromancy.

SUBSECT . V.--Old age a cause.

SUBSECT . VI.--Parents a cause by Propagation.

SUBSECT . II.--Quantity of Diet a Cause.

SUBSECT . III.--Custom of Diet, Delight, Appetite, Necessity, how they cause or hinder.

SUBSECT . IV.--Retention and Evacuation a cause, and how.

SUBSECT . V.--Bad Air, a cause of Melancholy.

SUBSECT . VI.--Immoderate Exercise a cause, and how. Solitariness, Idleness.

SUBSECT . VII.--Sleeping and Waking, Causes.

SUBSECT . II.--Of the Force of Imagination.

SUBSECT . III.--Division of Perturbations.

SUBSECT . IV.--Sorrow a Cause of Melancholy.

SUBSECT . V.--Fear, a Cause.

SUBSECT . VI.--Shame and Disgrace, Causes.

SUBSECT . VII.--Envy, Malice, Hatred, Causes.

SUBSECT . VIII.--Emulation, Hatred, Faction, Desire of Revenge, Causes.

SUBSECT . IX.--Anger, a Cause.

SUBSECT . X.--Discontents, Cares, Miseries, &c. Causes.

SUBSECT . XI.--Concupiscible Appetite, as Desires, Ambition, Causes.

SUBSECT . XII.--[Greek: philarguria], Covetousness, a Cause.

SUBSECT . XIII.--Love of Gaming, &c. and pleasures immoderate; Causes.

SUBSECT . XIV.--Philautia, or Self-love, Vainglory, Praise, Honour, Immoderate Applause, Pride, overmuch Joy, &c., Causes.

SUBSECT . XV.--Love of Learning, or overmuch study. With a Digression of the misery of Scholars, and why the Muses are Melancholy.

SUBSECT . II.--Education a Cause of Melancholy.

SUBSECT . III.--Terrors and Affrights, Causes of Melancholy.

SUBSECT . IV.--Scoffs, Calumnies, bitter Jests, how they cause Melancholy.

SUBSECT . V.--Loss of Liberty, Servitude, Imprisonment, how they cause Melancholy.

SUBSECT . VI.--Poverty and Want, Causes of Melancholy.

SUBSECT . II.--Distemperature of particular Parts, causes.

SUBSECT . III.--Causes of Head-Melancholy.

SUBSECT . IV.--Causes of Hypochondriacal, or Windy Melancholy.

SUBSECT . V.--Causes of Melancholy from the whole Body.

SUBSECT . II.--Symptoms or Signs in the Mind.

SUBSECT . III.--Particular Symptoms from the influence of Stars, parts of the Body, and Humours.

SUBSECT . IV.--Symptoms from Education, Custom, continuance of Time, our Condition, mixed with other Diseases, by Fits, Inclination, &c.

SUBSECT . II.--Symptoms of windy Hypochondriacal Melancholy.

SUBSECT . III.--Symptoms of Melancholy abounding in the whole body.

SUBSECT . IV.--Symptoms of Maids, Nuns, and Widows' Melancholy.

THE SYNOPSIS OF THE SECOND PARTITION.

THE SECOND PARTITION. THE CURE OF MELANCHOLY.

SUBSECT . II.--Concerning the Patient.

SUBSECT . III.--Concerning Physic.

SUBSECT . II.--Diet rectified in quantity.

SUBSECT . II.--Help from friends by counsel, comfort, fair and foul means, witty devices, satisfaction, alteration of his course of life, removing objects, &c.

SUBSECT . III.--Music a remedy.

SUBSECT . IV.--Mirth and merry company, fair objects, remedies.

SUBSECT . II.--Simples proper to Melancholy, against Exotic Simples.

SUBSECT . III.--Alteratives, Herbs, other Vegetables, &c.

SUBSECT . IV.--Precious Stones, Metals, Minerals, Alteratives.

SUBSECT . V.--Compound Alteratives; censure of Compounds, and mixed Physic.

SUBSECT . II.--Simples purging Melancholy downward.

SUBSECT . III.--Compound Purgers.

SUBSECT . II.--Bloodletting.

SUBSECT . III.--Preparatives and Purgers.

SUBSECT . IV.--Averters.

SUBSECT . V.--Alteratives and Cordials, corroborating, resolving the Reliques, and mending the Temperament.

SUBSECT . VI.--Correctors of Accidents to procure Sleep. Against fearful Dreams, Redness, &c.

SUBSECT . II.--Correctors to expel Wind. Against Costiveness, &c.

THE SYNOPSIS OF THE THIRD PARTITION.

THE THIRD PARTITION, LOVE-MELANCHOLY.

SUBSECT . II.--Love's Beginning, Object, Definition, Division.

SUBSECT . II.--Pleasant Objects of Love.

SUBSECT . II.--How Love tyranniseth over men. Love, or Heroical Melancholy, his definition, part affected.

SUBSECT . II.--Other causes of Love-Melancholy, Sight, Being from the Face, Eyes, other parts, and how it pierceth.

SUBSECT . III.--Artificial allurements of Love, Causes and Provocations to Lust; Gestures, Clothes, Dower, &c.

SUBSECT . IV.--Importunity and Opportunity of Time, Place, Conference, Discourse, Singing, Dancing, Music, Amorous Tales, Objects, Kissing, Familiarity, Tokens, Presents, Bribes, Promises, Protestations, Tears, &c.

SUBSECT . V.--Bawds, Philters, Causes.

SUBSECT . II.--Withstand the beginnings, avoid occasions, change his place: fair and foul means, contrary passions, with witty inventions: to bring in another, and discommend the former.

SUBSECT . III.--By counsel and persuasion, foulness of the fact, men's, women's faults, miseries of marriage, events of lust, &c.

SUBSECT . IV.--Philters, Magical and Poetical Cures.

SUBSECT . V.--The last and best Cure of Love-Melancholy, is to let them have their Desire.

SUBSECT . II.--Causes of Jealousy. Who are most apt. Idleness, melancholy, impotency, long absence, beauty, wantonness, naught themselves. Allurements, from time, place, persons, bad usage, causes.

SUBSECT . II.--By prevention before, or after Marriage, Plato's Community, marry a Courtesan, Philters, Stews, to marry one equal in years, fortunes, of a good family, education, good place, to use them well, &c.

SUBSECT . II.--Causes of Religious melancholy. From the Devil by miracles, apparitions, oracles. His instruments or factors, politicians, Priests, Impostors, Heretics, blind guides. In them simplicity, fear, blind zeal, ignorance, solitariness, curiosity, pride, vainglory, presumption, &c. his engines, fasting, solitariness, hope, fear, &c.

SUBSECT . III.--Symptoms general, love to their own sect, hate of all other religions, obstinacy, peevishness, ready to undergo any danger or cross for it; Martyrs, blind zeal, blind obedience, fastings, vows, belief of incredibilities, impossibilities: Particular of Gentiles, Mahometans, Jews, Christians; and in them, heretics old, and new, schismatics, schoolmen, prophets, enthusiasts, &c.

SUBSECT . IV.--Prognostics of Religious Melancholy.

SUBSECT . V.--Cure of Religious Melancholy.

SUBSECT . II.--Despair. Despairs, Equivocations, Definitions, Parties and Parts affected.

SUBSECT . III.--Causes of Despair, the Devil, Melancholy, Meditation, Distrust, Weakness of Faith, Rigid Ministers, Misunderstanding Scriptures, Guilty Consciences, &c.

SUBSECT . IV.--Symptoms of Despair, Fear, Sorrow, Suspicion, Anxiety, Horror of Conscience, Fearful Dreams and Visions.

SUBSECT . V.--Prognostics of Despair, Atheism, Blasphemy, violent death, &c.

SUBSECT . VI.--Cure of Despair by Physic, Good Counsel, Comforts, &c.

INDEX.

NOTES

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