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Lost Prophet电子书

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作       者:D'emilio, John

出  版  社:Free Press

出版时间:2010-05-11

字       数:107.7万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 艺术/建筑/历史

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Bayard Rustin is one of the most important figures in the history of the American civil rights movement. Before Martin Luther King, before Malcolm X, Bayard Rustin was working to bring the cause to the forefront of America's consciousness. A teacher to King, an international apostle of peace, and the organizer of the famous 1963 March on Washington, he brought Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence to America and helped launch the civil rights movement. Nonetheless, Rustin has been largely erased by history, in part because he was an African American homosexual. Acclaimed historian John D'Emilio tells the full and remarkable story of Rustin's intertwined lives: his pioneering and public person and his oblique and stigmatized private self.It was in the tumultuous 1930s that Bayard Rustin came of age, getting his first lessons in politics through the Communist Party and the unrest of the Great Depression. A Quaker and a radical pacifist, he went to prison for refusing to serve in World War II, only to suffer a sexual scandal. His mentor, the great pacifist A. J. Muste, wrote to him, "You were capable of making the 'mistake' of thinking that you could be the leader in a revolution...at the same time that you were a weakling in an extreme degree and engaged in practices for which there was no justification." Freed from prison after the war, Rustin threw himself into the early campaigns of the civil rights and anti-nuclear movements until an arrest for sodomy nearly destroyed his career. Many close colleagues and friends abandoned him. For years after, Rustin assumed a less public role even though his influence was everywhere. Rustin mentored a young and inexperienced Martin Luther King in the use of nonviolence. He planned strategy for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference until Congressman Adam Clayton Powell threatened to spread a rumor that King and Rustin were lovers. Not until Rustin's crowning achievement as the organizer of the 1963 March on Washington would he finally emerge from the shadows that homophobia cast over his career. Rustin remained until his death in 1987 committed to the causes of world peace, racial equality, and economic justice.Based on more than a decade of archival research and interviews with dozens of surviving friends and colleagues of Rustin's, Lost Prophet is a triumph. Rustin emerges as a hero of the black freedom struggle and a singularly important figure in the lost gay history of the mid-twentieth century. John D'Emilio's compelling narrative rescues a forgotten figure and brings alive a time of great hope and great tragedy in the not-so-distant past.
目录展开

Cover Page

Title Page

Copyright Page

Contents

Introduction

1 “Any Road Will Take You There,” 1912-1934

2 “A Young Radical,” 1934-1941

3 “A Way of Life,” 1941-1943

4 “An Extremely Capable Agitator,” 1944

5 “Hard and Bitter Experience,” 1944-1946

6 “The Gadfly Which Has Stirred Men into Action,” 1946-1947

7 “Mad Enough to Do Something Desperate,” 1947-1948

8 “An Iron Lung of Militarism,” 1948-1952

9 “Bayard’s Trouble,” 1952-1953

10 “I Can Again Be Useful,” 1953-1955

11 “No Force on Earth Can Stop This Movement,” 1955-1957

12 “More Going On Than Most People Would Gather,” 1957-1959

13 “An Employee of Others,” 1959-1960

14 “Ours Is Not a World-Shaking Project,” 1960-1962

15 “One of the Great Days in American History,” 1963

16 “On the Threshold of a New Political Movement,” 1963-1964

17 “From Protest to Politics,” 1964-1965

18 “In the Shadow of War,” 1965-1967

19 “A Strategist Without a Movement,” 1966-1968

20 “Freedom Is Never a Final Act,” 1969-1987

Acknowledgments

Notes

Bibliography

Index

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