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语用学及应用研究电子书

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作       者:李莉斌

出  版  社:河北教育出版社

出版时间:2014-06-01

字       数:79.3万

所属分类: 经管/励志 > 成功/励志 > 成功/激励

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  • 读书简介
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The researches on linguistics have been progressing despite the questions and debates over even the definitions of certain terminologies among which pragmatics is an example.Nor is it an easy job to objectively distinguish semantics from pragmatics,let alone find a distinctive field of research that is the best accessible.Therefore,pragmatists explore over the verbal signs by focusing on the contexts,and relationships between the signs and language users,rather than the meanings of them.This has given rise to what seems to be an unrestricted area,namely,sociopragmatics.
目录展开

Foreword

1 Pragmatics and Compliments

1 Introduction

2 Rationales

2.1 Compliment Theory

2.2 Cross-Cultural Theory

2.3 Context Theory

2.4 Politeness and Face Work

3 Compliments in the Cross-Cultural Contexts

3.1 Characteristics of Compliments

3.2 Distribution of Compliments

3.3 Factors Influencing Compliments in Different Contexts

3.4 Modes of Compliments

4 Investigations on Complimentary Usage

4.1 Data

4.2 Subject

4.3 Result

5 Conclusions

2 Politeness and Requests

1 Introduction

2 Rationales

2.1 The Speech Act of Requesting

2.2 The Politeness of Indirect Requests

2.3 Cooperative Principle

2.4 Politeness and Face Work

2.5 Face and Politeness in requesting

3 Comparisons of Request Strategies

3.1 Types of Request Strategies

3.2 Main Differences in Request Strategies

3.3 Cultural Differences Influencing Request and Request Responses

4 Comparisons of Request Perspectives

4.1 Prominence Devices of Request

4.2 Main Differences in Request Perspectives

5 Comparisons of Request Modifications

5.1 Request Modification

5.2 Main Differences in Request Modification

6 Conclusions

3 Refusals and Pragmatic Strategies

1 Introduction

1.1 Literature Review

1.2 Definitions of Refusal

1.3 Significance

2 Understanding Refusals in China and USA

2.1 Classifications of Refusals

2.2 Collectivism in Chinese Refusals

2.3 Individualism in American Refusals

3 Theoretical Frameworks

3.1 Brown&Levinson's Face Theory

3.2 L.R.Mao's Relative Face Orientation

4 A Quantitative Study

4.1 Subjects

4.2 Research Method

4.3 Scenarios of Refusal Applications

4.4 Analysis and Discussion

4 Favor Asking and Speech Act Theory

1 Introduction

1.1 Definition of Favor Asking

1.2 Structure of the study

2 Review of the Literature

3 The Value of Speech Act Theory

3.1 Feasibility

3.2 Empirical Validity

3.3 Explanatory Power

4 defining Features of Favor asking and its Three Stages

4.1 Defining Features of Favor Asking

4.2 Three Stages of Favor Asking

5 Analysis of Favor Asking from the Perspective of Speech Act Theory

5.1 Aspect of Favor Asking That Conforms to SAT

6 Conclusions

5 Discourse Markers and Adaptations

1 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

1.2 Aim of the Study

1.3 Rationale of the study

1.4 Data and methodology

1.5 Organization and structure

2 Literature Review

2.1 Different Approaches to Discourse Markers

2.2 Different Definitions of Discourse Markers

2.3 Characteristics of Discourse Markers

2.4 Summary

3 Theoretical Frameworks

3.1 Three Properties of Language

3.2 Four Angles of investigation

3.3 Meaning generation

3.4 Metapragmatic Awareness

4 A Dynamic Adaptative Interpretation of Discourse Markers

4.1 Factors of Using Discourse Markers

4.2 Functions of Discourse Markers in Utterance Production

4.3 Roles of Discourse Markers in Utterance Interpretation

4.4 Summary

5 Conclusions

5.1 Major Findings

5.2 Major Contributions

5.3 Limitations and Suggestions

6 Discourse Markers in Oral Discourse Anslysis

1 Introduction

1.1 Different names and Descriptions

1.2 Properties of Discourse Markers

1.3 The Structure and Purpose of this Study

2 Rationales of Related Theories

2.1 Theoretical Contribution of Functional School

2.2 Relevance Theory

2.3 A Suggested Classification for Discourse Markers Analysis

2.4 Functional Framework for the Analysis of Discourse Markers

3 Textual Monitors

3.1 Decoding

3.2 Organization

3.3 Coherence

4 Interactional Monitors

4.1 Involvement

4.2 Comprehension-securing Device

4.3 Face-securing Function Device

5 Metalinguistic Monitors

5.1 Emphasiers

5.2 Reformulation

5.3 Self-monitoring

6 Conclusions

7 Appropriateness of Linguistic Taboo

1 Introduction

1.1 Linguistic Taboo

1.2 Previous Study of Linguistic Taboo

1.3 The Importance of Appropriateness of Linguistic Taboo in Use

2 An Overview of Linguistic Taboo

2.1 The Creation of Linguistic Taboo

2.2 Development of Linguistic Taboo

2.3 The Continuation of Linguistic Taboo through Ages

2.4 Types of Linguistic Taboo

2.5 Features of Linguistic Taboo

3 Linguistic taboos in Communication

3.1 Three Uses of Linguistic Taboo

3.2 Linguistic Taboo and Communication

4 Appropriateness of Linguistic Taboo Violation

4.1 Hymes's Theory of SPEAKING

4.2 The Context Theory

5 Conclusions

8 Hedges in Verbal Communication

1 Introduction

1.1 Background of the research

1.2 Significance of the Study

1.3 Organization of This study

2 Overview of the Studies on Hedges

2.1 Hedges,Vagueness and Fuzziness

2.2 Studies on Fuzziness

2.3 Studies on Hedges

2.4 Definition of Hedges

2.5 Classification of Hedges

3 Communicative Principles and Hedges

3.1 Communicative Principles

3.2 Hedges and Cooperative Principle

3.3 Hedges and Conversational Implicature

3.4 Hedges and Politeness Principle

3.5 General Functions of Hedges

3.6 Summary

4 Functions of Hedges in Different Contexts

4.1 Methodology

4.2 Quantitative Description of Hedges in Different Contexts

4.3 Functions of Hedges in Different Contexts

4.4 Reasons for Different Functions of Hedges in Different Contexts

4.5 Results of the Analysis

4.6 Summary

5 Conclusions

5.1 Main Findings

5.2 Implication

9 Conversational Humors

1 Introduction

1.1 Objective

1.2 Methodology and Data sources

1.3 Layout

2 Literature Review

2.1 An Etymological Study

2.2 Definition of Conversational Humor

2.3 Classification of Humor

2.4 Difference between Humor and Joke

2.5 Previous Studies of Humor

3 Theoretical Frameworks

3.1 Gricean's Theory—Conversational Implicature

3.2 Non-observance of the Maxims of the CP

4 A Descriptive Analysis of Conversational Humor

4.1 Conversational Humor and the Maxim of Quality

4.2 Conversational Humor and the Maxim of Quantity

4.3 Conversational Humor and the Maxim of Relevance

4.4 Conversational Humor and the Maxim of Manner

5 Functions of Conversational Humor

5.1 Informative Function

5.2 Laughter Making Function

5.3 Expressive Function

6 Conclusions

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