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A Physicists Labour In War And Peace电子书

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作       者:E W Kellermann

出  版  社:M-Y Books

出版时间:2011-08-01

字       数:38.7万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 文学/自传/回忆录

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This informative book covers the pre war period to the 1990s spanning the author s experience of the rise of Nazism on the continent, his research and his involvement in the planning of Science and Higher Education in Britain. He gives a wry commentary on education and science in Britain, and describes his role in pressing for adequate funding for science, especially during the Thatcher era. His research in Edinburgh with the future Nobel Laureate Max Born, one of the giants of Theoretical Physics, led to a breakthrough in solidstate physics. In Manchester he worked with Patrick Blackett, also a future Nobel Laureate, measuring Extensive Air Showers . These are sprays of particles, which fall on the earth generated by nuclear particles from the cosmos. Later in Leeds he was one of the initiators of the National British Air Shower Experiment. He writes about some of the famous scientists he has met, and also of his disappointments which are often the fate of a working scientist. This is not a rounded autobiography. Much of the book is concerned with Kellermann s research in solid state and cosmic ray physics and his interaction with outstanding physicists of the time, notably his work with Karl Przibram in Vienna and later with Max Born, Patrick Blackett and E C Stoner, and his meetings with C F Powell in Great Britain. There is also an account of his meeting with Max Planck, his discussions with the later atom spy Klaus Fuchs and other notable scientists of the period. It is concerned also with British science policy and Kellermann s commitment to promote support for science by British governments of the day. But a life in physics spanning the second half of the twentieth century is also likely to be a life deeply marked by warfare, antiSemitism, and disruption. These intelligently written memoirs (Professor Geoffrey Cantor, University of Leeds) offer perceptive assessments of contemporary events and of many of the scientists and politicians Kellermann encountered. The Leitmotiv during Kellermannss later years was his research on cosmic ray extensive air showers. The nonspecialist will find a clear account of how these showers, caused by enormously energetic particles from the cosmos are clues to its understanding, an account leading right up to the present state of the art.
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cover

Title and Copyright

Chapter 1 - Nazis Change Our Lives

Chapter 2 - Studies in Vienna amid Political Danger

Chapter 3 - Permission To Land In Britain

Chapter 4 – Theoretical Physics in Britain, A New Discipline – The Contribution of Refugees

Chapter 5 - New Ideas and a Breakthrough in Solid State Physics

Chapter 6 - Imminent War? How Klaus Fuchs Saw It

Chapter 7 - The Internment Of Genuine Refugees

Chapter 8 - Shipped To Canada, But Democracy Lives

Chapter 9 - A Small University College in War Time

Photographs

Professor Karl Przibram

Professor Max Born, FRS

Sir Edmond Whittaker, FRS

Professor Lord Blackett, FRS

Professor E C Stoner, FRS

Professor Cecil Powell, FRS

Pair Creation. Cloud chamber photograph by Blackett and Occhialini.

Diagram of Extensive Air Shower

Cloudchamber photograph of an Extensive Air Shower

Chapter 10 - Planning The Future Of Science

Chapter 11 - Cosmic Rays - A Peaceful Study Of Nuclear Physics

Chapter 12 - Blackett’s Laboratory

Chapter 13 - Extensive Air Showers - Detecting the Highest Energies

Chapter 14 - Manchester Detects New Sub-Nuclear Particles

Chapter 15 - Moving On

Chapter 16 - A Cosmic Ray Laboratory In Leeds

Chapter 17 - Cosmic Ray Physicists Meet in Mexico

Chapter 18 - The British Large Air Shower Experiment

Chapter 19 - The Highest Energies An End To The Shower Spectrum?

Chapter 20 - A New Particle? - Hopes Raised and Dashed

Chapter 21 - A Place for Religion

Chapter 22 - British Science Quo Vadis?

Epilogue

Acknowledgements and another CV

About the Author

Glossary

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