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留园西方经典文化阅读:西方哲学史(英文版)电子书 租阅

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作       者:孙健

出  版  社:华东理工大学出版社有限公司

出版时间:2018-09-03

字       数:44.0万

所属分类: 教育 > 外语 > 实用英语

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用英语进行思考,首先要学会的就是思考的方法。滋养英语的土壤是欧洲文化,其根源在古希腊和古罗马。希腊语、拉丁语,与盎格鲁—撒克逊等语言的结合,催生了古英语,而法语等语言的影响,又促成了现代英语的出现。寻根究底,其源头依然在古希腊和古罗马。而这两大欧洲文明的根源,都非常重视哲学思考,这也是英语单词Philosophy(爱智慧)的由来。
目录展开

序言

Brief Introduction

Chapter 1 Socrates

Historical Background

Who Was Socrates?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 A Taste of Plato’s Socratic Dialogues

Topic 2 The Art of Discourse

Topic 3 A Divine Voice

Topic 4 The Right Insight Leads to the Right Action

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 2 Plato

Historical Background

Who Was Plato?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 Eternally True, Eternally Beautiful, and Eternally Good

Topic 2 The World of Ideas

Topic 3 True Knowledge

Topic 4 Out of the Darkness of the Cave

Topic 5 The Philosophic State

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 3 Aristotle

Historical Background

Who Was Aristotle

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 No Innate Idea

Topic 3 Logic

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 4 René Descartes

Historical Background

Who Was René Descartes?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 Certain Knowledge

Topic 2 The Perfect Entity

Topic 3 Dualism

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 5 David Hume

Historical Background

Who Was David Hume?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 Impressions and Ideas

Topic 2 Perception

Topic 3 Causality

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 6 Immanuel Kant

Historical Background

Who Was Immanuel Kant?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 How to Perceive the World

Topic 2 The Existence of God and Reason

Topic 3 The Starry Heavens Above Me and the Moral Law Within Me

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 7 John Locke

Historical Background

Who Was John Locke?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 Empiricism

Topic 2 Our Perception of the World

Topic 3 Locke’s Political Philosophy

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 8 Thomas Hobbes

Historical Background

Who Was Thomas Hobbes?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 The State of Nature

Topic 2 The State of Nature Is a State of War

Topic 3 The Leviathan

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 9 Georg W. F. Hegel

Historical Background

Who Was Georg W. F. Hegel?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 World Spirit

Topic 2 The Dialectic

Topic 3 World Spirit (Cont.)

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 10 Karl Marx

Historical Background

Who Was Karl Marx?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 Turning Point

Topic 2 Marx’s Historical Materialism and Class Struggle

Topic 3 Alienation

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 11 Friedrich Nietzsche

Historical Background

Who Was Friedrich Nietzsche?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 God Is Dead

Topic 2 After the “Death of God”

Topic 3 Superman and Master-slave Morality

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 12 Ludwig Wittgenstein

Historical Background

Who Was Ludwig Wittgenstein?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 Bewitchment by Language

Topic 2 No Private Language?

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 13 Hannah Arendt

Historical Background

Who Was Hannah Arendt?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 Totalitarianism

Topic 2 Banality of Evil

Topic 3 Citizenship and the Public Sphere

Topic 4 Citizenship, Agency, and Collective Identity

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 14 Jean-Paul Sartre

Historical Background

Who Was Jean-Paul Sartre?

Reflective Reading

Topic 1 Freedom

Topic 2 Existentialism Is a Humanism

Topic 3 Absurdity of Our Existence

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Chapter 15 Jacques Derrida

Historical Background

Who Was Jacques Derrida?

Reflective Reading

Further Reading

After-class Assignment

Overall Review Test

Appendix Bibliography

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