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英语口语辞典(第3版)电子书

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作       者:陈鑫源

出  版  社:上海外语教育出版社

出版时间:2015-10-01

字       数:59.4万

所属分类: 教育 > 外语 > 英文教辅

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英语口语辞典(第3版)在原先英语口语辞典(修订本)基础上做了补充。<br/>
目录展开

编者的话

再修订说明

怎样使用本辞典

GENERAL EXPRESSIONS 一般表达法

ABILITY 能力

asking if somebody has the ability to do something 询问某人能否做某事

stating you have the ability to do something 表示你有能力做某事

stating you don't have the ability to do something 表示你没有能力做某事

asking for advice 请求指点

ADVICE 劝告

advising somebody to do something 指点某人做某事

advising somebody not to do something 指点某人别做某事

AGREEMENT 同意

asking if somebody agrees 询问某人是否同意

agreeing 同意

agreeing with reservation 有保留地同意

disagreeing 不同意

admitting you are wrong and somebody else is correct 承认自己错误而别人正确

coming to an agreement 达成一致意见

ANNOYANCE 恼怒

expressing anger 表示愤怒

APOLOGY 道歉

apologizing 道歉

responding to apologies 回应别人的道歉

leaving somebody politely for a short time 客气地表示暂时走开

APPOINTMENT 约会

requesting an appointment 请求约会

asking about when and where to meet 询问何时何地见面

stating when and where to meet 表示何时何地见面

stating when and where is not convenient to meet 表示何时何地见面不方便

changing or canceling an appointment 改变或取消约会

APPROVAL 赞成

asking if somebody approves 询问某人是否赞成

expressing approval 表示赞成

expressing disapproval 表示不赞成

BELIEF AND DISBELIEF 相信和不相信

believing 表示相信

disbelieving 表示不相信

BOREDOM 厌烦

feeling bored 感觉厌烦

CERTAINTY AND UNCERTAINTY 肯定和不肯定

asking if somebody is certain about something 询问某人是否确信某事

expressing certainty 表示肯定

expressing uncertainty 表示不肯定

COMMUNICATION 交流

starting a conversation 谈话的开场白

drawing somebody's attention 引起某人的注意

taking up a point 接谈一个话题

changing the subject 改变话题

closing a conversation 结束谈话

COMPARISON 比较

making a comparison 作比较

COMPLAINT 抱怨

complaining 抱怨

COMPLIMENT 称赞

complimenting 称赞

COMPREHENSION 理解

making sure that you have understood 弄清楚你是否理解

making sure that somebody has understood you 弄清楚某人是否已理解你的意思

CONGRATULATION 祝贺

congratulating 祝贺

responding to congratulations 对祝贺的回答

CORRECTNESS 正确与否

asking about correctness 询问是否正确

giving positive answers 作出肯定回答

giving negative answers 作出否定回答

correcting somebody 纠正某人的错误

CURIOSITY 好奇

expressing curiosity 表示好奇

DECISION 决定

deciding to do something 决定做某事

DELIGHT 高兴

stating you are pleased 表示你很高兴

DEPARTURE 分别

saying goodbye 道别

DESIRE 欲求

stating what you want 表示你要什么

DISAPPOINTMENT 失望

feeling disappointed 感到失望

DISMAY 沮丧

expressing dismal feelings 表示沮丧的心情

ENCOURAGEMENT 鼓励

encouraging somebody 鼓励某人

EXCITEMENT 激动

expressing excitement 表示激动

EXEMPLIFICATION 举例

GOOD WISHES 祝愿

giving general good wishes 一般祝愿

responding to general good wishes 对一般祝愿的回答

giving good wishes on a special occasion 在特殊场合祝愿

responding to good wishes on a special occasion 对特殊场合祝愿的回答

toasting 祝酒

GOSSIP 说长道短

talking about other people's private lives 谈论别人的私事

GRATITUDE 感谢

expressing thanks 表示感谢

responding to thanks 对感谢的回答

GREETINGS 打招呼

greeting somebody 同某人打招呼

asking after somebody 问候某人

stating how you are 说明你的近况

HAPPY ANTICIPATION 愉快的期待

happily anticipating 愉快地期待

HESITATION 犹豫

giving yourself time to think 给自己时间思考

HOPE 希望

expressing hope 表示希望

INFORMATION 信

asking for information 了解信息

asking if somebody knows something 询问某人是否知道某事

expressing knowledge of something 表示知道某事

expressing ignorance of something 表示不知道某事

INSTRUCTION 指导

telling somebody how to do something 告诉某人如何做某事

INTENTION 意图

asking about somebody's intention 询问某人有何打算

stating your intention 说明你的打算

stating you do not intend to do something 表示你不打算做某事

INTEREST 兴趣

asking if somebody is interested in something 询问某人对某事是否感兴趣

stating you are not interested in something 表示你对某事不感兴趣

INTRODUCTION 介绍

introducing somebody 介绍某人

introducing yourself 自我介绍

responding to an introduction 对介绍的应答

INVITATION 邀请

inviting 邀请

accepting an invitation 接受邀请

declining an invitation 谢绝邀请

JUDGEMENT 判断

making a judgement 作出判断

LIKES AND DISLIKES 喜欢和不喜欢

asking if somebody likes something or somebody else 询问某人是否喜欢某事或某人

stating you like something or somebody 表示你喜欢某事或某人

stating you dislike something or somebody 表示你不喜欢某事或某人

NAME 姓名

asking somebody's name 询问某人的姓名

OBLIGATION 义务

asking if you are obliged to do something 询问你是否有义务做某事

stating somebody is obliged to do something 表示某人有义务做某事

stating somebody is not obliged to do something 表示某人没有义务做某事

stating somebody is obliged not to do something 表示某人有义务不做某事

stating you are obliged to do something 表示你有义务做某事

stating you are obliged not to do something 表示你有义务不做某事

OFFER 主动提供

offering something 主动提供某物

accepting an offer of something 接受别人提供的东西

谢绝别人得供的东西

presenting something to somebody 把某物交给某人

offering to do something for somebody 提出为某人做某事

accepting an offer of help 接受别人提供的帮助

declining an offer of help 谢绝别人提供的帮助

OPINION 意见

asking for somebody's opinion 征求某人的意见

expressing your opinion 表达你的意见

stating you have no opinion 表示你没有意见

hedging 避免明确说出自己的意见

trying to change somebody's opinion 设法改变某人的意见

OPTIMISM 乐观

expressing optimistic views 表示乐观

PERMISSION 许可

asking for permission 请求许可

giving somebody permission 给某人许可

refusing to give somebody permission 拒绝给某人许可

PERSUASION 劝说

trying to persuade somebody 设法说服某人

PESSIMISM 悲观

expressing pessimistic views 表示悲观

PREFERENCE 偏爱

asking somebody about preference 询问某人较喜欢什么

stating your preference 表示你较喜欢什么

QUARREL 争吵

quarreling with somebody 同某人争吵

REASON 理由

giving reasons 说明理由

REASSURANCE 安慰

reassuring somebody 安慰某人

RELIEF 宽慰

feeling relieved 感到宽慰

REMEMBRANCE 记忆

asking if somebody remembers something 询问某人是否记得某事

stating you remember 表示你记得

stating you have forgot 表示你已忘记

reminding somebody 提醒某人

REPETITION 重述

asking somebody to repeat something 请某人重述某事

restating 换一种方式重述

REPROACH 责备

reproaching somebody 责备某人

REQUEST 请求

making a request 提出请求

giving positive responses 肯定回答

giving negative responses 否定回答

RESIGNATION 无可奈何

expressing resignation 表示无可奈何

SUGGESTION 建议

making suggestions 提建议

giving positive responses 肯定回答

giving negative responses 否定回答

SURPRISE 惊奇

expressing surprise 表示惊奇

SYMPATHY 同情

feeling sympathetic 表示同情

being indifferent 表示无动于衷

stating something is not important 表示某事并不重要

THREAT 威胁

threatening 威胁

TIREDNESS 疲劳

stating you are tired 表示你感到疲劳了

URGE 催促

telling somebody to hurry 催某人赶紧

WARNING 警告

giving warnings 警告

WILLINGNESS 意愿

expressing willingness 表示愿意

expressing willingness under certain conditions 表示在一定条件下愿意

expressing unwillingness 表示不愿意

refusing to do something 拒绝做某事

WORRY AND FEAR 担忧和害怕

expressing worry or fear 表示担忧或害怕

SITUATIONAL EXPRESSIONS 情景表达法

BANK 银行

asking about savings 询问有关储蓄的事务

telling about savings 说明有关储蓄的事务

asking about money exchange 询问有关货币兑换的事

telling about money exchange 说明有关货币兑换的事

asking a client how he'd like to deposit,withdraw or change money 询问顾客希望如何存、取或换钱

stating how you'd like to deposit,withdraw or change money 说明你希望如何存、取或换钱

asking to deposit,withdraw or cash checks,etc. 要求存、取或兑支票等

asking to change money 要求换钱

dealing with savings or money exchange 处理储蓄或货币兑换事务

BARBER'S AND HAIRDRESSER'S 理发店

asking a client how to cut or do his or her hair 询问顾客如何理发或做头发

stating how you'd like your hair cut or done 说明你对理发或做头发的要求

BRIDGE 桥牌

preparing for a game 打牌前的准备

bidding 叫牌

talking over the game 打牌时交谈

CAMPUS 校园

asking about appropriateness 询问措辞是否得体的问题

asking about correctness 询问措辞是否正确的问题

asking about meaning 询问有关词句意思的问题

asking about pronunciation 询问有关发音的问题

asking about spelling 询问有关拼写的问题

asking about somebody's major 询问某人的专业

telling about your major 说明你的专业

asking about campus life and study 询问校园生活和学习

talking about campus life and study 谈论校园生活和学习

CONCERT 音乐会

buying tickets 购票

selling tickets 售票

talking about a concert program 谈论音乐会节目

talking about music 谈论音乐

talking about performers and their performance 谈论演员及其演出

CUSTOMS 海关

making the Customs examinations 进行海关检查

going through the Customs formalities 办理验关手续

DANCE 舞会

inviting someone to dance 邀请某人跳舞

accepting or declining an invitation to dance 接受或谢绝跳舞的邀请

FILLINGSTATION 加油站

asking to refill your car 要求给汽车加油

asking to check and do something for your car 要求检修汽车

attending a client 照应顾客

checking a car 检查汽车

FINDING THE WAY 找路

asking the way 问路

directing the way 指路

HOSPITAL 医院

asking a patient about his illness 询问病人病情

telling a doctor how you feel 诉说病情

examining a patient 给病人检查身体

diagnosing and treating 诊断与治疗

giving prescription and advice 开药方与给医嘱

HOTEL 旅馆

booking hotel rooms 订旅馆房间

asking what a client wants 询问客人的要求

stating what you want 说明你的要求

asking about services 询问旅馆服务事项

telling a client about services 给客人介绍旅馆服务事项

asking about prices 询问房间的价格

telling a client about prices 告诉客人房间的价格

accepting a booking 接受预订

rejecting a booking 拒绝预订

stating that you have reserved rooms 说明你已预订了房间

assigning rooms to a client 给顾客分配房间

registering 登记

offering help and keys to the rooms assigned 交付房间钥匙及提供帮助

checking out 结账

JOB 职业

applying for a job 申请就业

asking an applicant about his qualifications and intentions,etc. 向申请人了解他的资格条件及意图等

stating what qualifications,experience and intentions you have 说明你有什么资格条件、工作经历及意图等

explaining why you apply for a new position 说明申请新职位的原因

stating what kind of job you'd like to take 说明你想从事什么工作

dealing with an application 处理求职申请

asking about somebody's job 询问某人的职业情况

talking about your job 谈论你的职业

LIBRARY 图书馆

borrowing books,magazines,etc. 借书、杂志等

lending books,magazines,etc. 出借书、杂志等

MEETING 会议

directing the proceedings 控制会议议程

inviting comments,reports or other speeches 请人发言

putting to a vote 投票表决

addressing oneself to the chairman 对主席发言

reporting 汇报

introducing ideas 提出想法

debating 辩论

PHOTOGRAPH 照相

talking about cameras and film 谈论照相机及胶卷

advising how to take a picture well 指点如何拍好照片

taking a photo 拍照

commenting on the photos taken 评论照片

POST OFFICE 邮局

asking about postage 询问邮资

telling about postage 说明邮资

asking about time and ways to mail something 询问邮寄的时间及方式

mailing something 邮寄信件及包裹等

asking a client where and how to mail something 询问顾客邮件寄往何处,如何邮寄

RESTAURANT 餐馆

finding a table for dinner 找餐桌

seatingadiner 给就餐者安排座位

asking if a diner is ready to order 询问就餐者是否准备点菜

askingwhatadinerwouldliketohave 询问就餐者想吃什么

finding out what the restaurant has today 了解餐馆今天有什么菜肴

recommending what the restaurant has today 介绍餐馆今天有什么菜肴

ordering a meal 点菜

asking how a diner would like his dish served 询问就餐者对菜肴有什么要求

telling a waiter how you'd like your dish served 告诉服务员你对菜肴有什么要求

expressing hospitality 表示殷勤款待

responding to hospitality 对殷勤款待的应答

asking somebody to get you something 请某人把某物递给你

complaining about food,rooms,etc. 抱怨饭菜、房间等

dealing with complaints 应付顾客的抱怨

paying the bill 付账

expressing thanks to hosts 向主人表示感谢

SHOPPING 购物

attending a customer 招呼顾客

telling a shop assistant what you'd like to buy 告诉店员你想买什么

asking what a customer wants to buy 询问顾客想买些什么

Any particular color? 要什么颜色的? Can Iget you anything else?

asking a shop assistant for information,advice,etc. 向店员了解商品信息、请求指点等

recommending something to a customer 向顾客推荐某物

telling a customer something is not available 告诉顾客某物没有货

choosing items 挑选货品

asking about prices 询问价格

telling about prices 说明价格

bargaining on the buying side 买方讨价还价

bargaining on the selling side 卖方讨价还价

SIGHTSEEING 观光旅游

asking about sights to see 打听可供游览的景点

planning a tour 计划旅游

sightseeing 参观游览

SMOKE 抽烟

offering a smoke 敬烟

accepting or declining a smoke 接受或谢绝敬烟

asking for a light 借火

talking about smoking 谈论抽烟

SPORTS 体育

watching a football match 看足球赛

talking about a football match 谈论足球赛的情况

watching a track and field match 观看田径赛

talking about scoring 谈论比分

talking about basics of stock market investment 谈论股市投资基础

advising on stock picking 指导如何选股

advising on stock investment 指导股票投资

telling about your positions 说明你的股票操作情况

commenting on stock and stock market situation 评论股票及股市行情

predicting stock price movement 预测股价走势

making fundamental analysis 基本面分析

making technical analysis 技术分析

reading chart patterns,indicators and moving averages 解读图表、指标及移动平均线

investing in stock options 投资股票期权

short selling 融券做空

buying on margin 融资做多

TAILOR'S 裁缝店

asking to have your clothes made 请裁缝做衣服

attending a client 接待顾客

telling a tailor how you'd like your clothes made 告诉裁缝你希望衣服怎么做

complaining about the clothes made 对定做的衣服表示不满

dealing with a client's complaints 应付顾客的抱怨

TELEPHONE 电话

asking an operator for help 请接线员帮助

helping to connect a caller 帮助接通电话

starting a phone call 开始通话

receiving a phone call 接电话

informing somebody he is wanted on the phone 通知某人有电话找他

asking whether a caller has any message 询问打电话者有否口信

leaving a message 留口信

trying to reach somebody by phone 设法打电话找到某人

helping a caller to contact somebody by phone 帮助打电话者同某人电话联系

mobile messaging 收发手机短信

mobile billing 手机计费

operatingacellphone 操作手机

talking about cellphones 谈论手机

TELEVISION 电视

watching TV 看电视

talking about TV programs 谈论电视节目

talking about TV sets 谈论电视机

THEATRE 剧院

buying tickets 购票

selling tickets 售票

seeing a play 看戏

talking about a play 谈论戏剧演出

talking about performers 谈论演员

TIME AND DATE 时间和日期

asking about the time and date 询问时间和日期

telling the time and date 说明时间和日期

TRAVEL BY AIR 乘飞机

asking for information about air travel 询问乘飞机的有关情况

giving information about air travel 提供乘飞机的有关情况

booking an airline ticket 订机票

serving a passenger at the booking office 为旅客订机票

giving check-in service 登机服务

going through check-in formalities 办理登机手续

serving a passenger on a plane 飞机上为旅客服务

talking on a plane 机上谈话

TRAVEL BY BUS 乘公共汽车

asking for information about bus riding 询问乘公共汽车的有关情况

giving information about bus riding 提供乘公共汽车的有关情况

asking a conductor to tell you your stop 请售票员提醒你到站了

serving passengers 为乘客服务

TRAVEL BY CAR 坐小轿车

calling a taxi 叫出租车

attending a passenger 接待乘客

driving a car 开车

looking for a parking space 寻找停车场地

payingthefare 付车费

asking to rent a car 要求租车

finding out a right car and things about car rental 选车并弄清租车事项

serving a car rental customer 为租车客服务

TRAVEL BY TRAIN 乘火车

asking for information about train travel 询问乘火车的有关情况

giving information about train travel 提供乘火车的有关情况

booking a ticket 订车票

boarding a train 上火车

serving passengers on board a train 在火车上为旅客服务

WEATHER 天气

asking about the weather 询问天气情况

anticipating a weather change 预测天气要变

commenting on the weather 评论天气

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