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IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide电子书

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作       者:Steve Robinson

出  版  社:Packt Publishing

出版时间:2011-10-03

字       数:416.0万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 电脑/网络

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IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide is a highly practical, example-driven tutorial. You will be introduced to WebSphere Application Server 8.0, and guided through configuration, deployment, and tuning for optimum performance. If you are an administrator who wants to get up and running with IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0, then this book is not to be missed. Experience with WebSphere and Java would be an advantage, but is not essential.
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IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide

Table of Contents

Copyright

Credits

About the Author

Acknowledgement

About the Reviewers

www.PacktPub.com

Support files, eBooks, discount offers and more

Why Subscribe?

Free Access for Packt account holders

Instant Updates on New Packt Books

Preface

What this book covers

What you need for this book

Who this book is for

Conventions

Reader feedback

Customer support

Downloading the example code

Errata

Piracy

Questions

1. WebSphere Application Server 8.0: Product Overview

What is WebSphere Application Server?

Why choose IBM WebSphere Application Server?

Enhancements and capabilities

Support for industry standards

New features

Reference table for supported standards

Architecture and internals

JEE 6 Server architecture model

Java EE containers

Applet container

Web container

EJB container

Application client container

Inside WebSphere Application Server

JVM

Web container

EJB container

Virtual hosts

Environment settings

Resources

JNDI

Application file types

WebSphere Application Server terminology

Runtime binaries

Profiles

Cells

Nodes

Servers

WebSphere Application Server products

Product editions

Related Product editions

Supported OS

Summary

2. Installing WebSphere Application Server

Installation planning

Installation scenarios

Profile types

Preparation and prerequisites

Windows installation prerequisites

Linux installation prerequisites

Installing as root on Linux

Filesystem preparation for Linux

Graphical installation

Part 1—Installing the base binaries

Downloading WAS 8

Downloading IBM Installation Manager

Installing IIM

Installing WAS using IBM Installation Manager

Verifying the installed binaries

Installation logs

Agent data location

Part 2—Creating a WAS profile

First steps console

Profile Manager Tools (PMT) logs and files

Logs

Files

Administrative console

Uninstalling WAS

Manually deleting profiles

Uninstalling WAS using IIM

Uninstalling WAS using command line

Silent installation

Installing packages silently using Installation Manager

Recording a response file

Command-line options for recording

Running a recording

Installing in silent mode using a response file

Command-line options for installing

Running the silent install

Silent profile creation

Summary

3. Deploying your Applications

Deploying an application

Starting and stopping your applications

Data access applications

Data sources

Preparing for Oracle

Installing Oracle XE

JDBC providers

Creating a JDBC provider

Creating a J2C alias

Creating a data source

Deploying a data access application

Mapping modules to servers

Providing JSP reloading options for web modules

Mapping shared libraries

Mapping resource references to resources

Mapping virtual hosts for web modules

Mapping context roots for web modules

Reviewing the deployment steps

Using the application

Overview of Derby

Derby JDBC

Managing Derby

Starting Derby

Stopping Derby

Creating tables in Derby

Adding a Derby JDBC data source

Creating a Derby JDBC provider

Creating a Derby JDBC data source

Creating a new JAAS for Derby data source

Changing an application's data source

Business-level applications

Importing assets

Creating a BLA

Monitored deployments

Uninstalling the DefaultApplication.ear file

Global deployment settings

The MonitoredDeployableApps folder structure

Drag and drop deploy

Controlling monitored deployments

Creating a template properties file

Summary

4. Security

JEE security

Global security

Global security registry types

Turning on global security

Local operating system

Creating a Linux user and group

Creating a Windows user

Completing the security wizard

Standalone LDAP

Sample directory tree

LDAP object classes

Configuring an LDAP registry in WebSphere

LDAP security settings

Security.xml

Administrative roles

Mapping users and groups to administrative roles

Federated repositories

Adding new users to a realm

Security domains

Security domain attributes

Creating a security domain

Preparing a local operating system registry

Creating a security domain

LTPA overview

LTPA configuration

Steps for importing and exporting LTPA keys

Managing SSL

Certificates and Certificate Authorities

Key stores and trust stores

Managing Key stores and certificates

Chained certificates

Monitoring certificate expiration

Creating certificate requests

Receiving a certificate request

Setting Cell or Node SSL aliases

Summary

5. Administrative Scripting

Automation

The ws_ant tool

Uninstalling the HR application

Deploying an application using ws_ant

Managing an application using ws_ant

The wsadmin tool

Interactive commands

Individual commands

Linux command-line example

Windows command-line example

Profile scripts

Command script files

Listing installed applications with Jython

Installing an application using Jython

Querying application status

Configuring the wsadmin tool

Configuring applications using properties files

Extracting properties from an existing application

Extracting properties using wsadmin

Deleting an application using a properties file

Installation using a properties file

Updating applications using a properties file

Configuring monitored deployment with properties

Creating a properties file for monitored deployment

Managing system configuration using properties files

Command assistance

Summary

6. Server Configuration

WAS file structure

The WAS filesystem

Product binaries file structure

The profile file structure

XML configuration files

Cell level XML files

Node level XML files

Server level XML files

Important properties files

The soap.client.props file

The sas.client.props file

Encoding property files

Logs and trace

JVM log files

Configuring logs and trace

Diagnostics trace

JVM logs

Changing log styles

Process logs

IBM service logs

NCSA access and HTTP error logging

NCSA access logging

Error logging

NCSA and HTTP error log considerations

FFDC logs

Viewing JVM logs

Viewing logs in the Administrative console

Viewing logs on the filesystem

High Performance Extensible Logging (HPEL)

Configure HPEL logging

Configure HPEL trace

Configure HPEL text log

Common HPEL settings

HPEL summary

HPEL log location

Viewing HPEL logs

View the JVM logs from the Administrative console

View the JVM logs in the machine that they are stored in

JVM settings

Changing JVM settings using the Administrative console

Class loaders

Class loading basics

WAS class loaders

Application server class loader

Configuring server class loaders

Classloader policy

Class loading mode

Application class loader

Configuring application class loaders

Class loader order

WAR class loader policy

Web module class loader

Configuring module class loading

Class loader order

Class loading isolation

Summary

7. WebSphere Messaging

Java messaging

Java Message Service

JMS features

JMS concepts

Point-to-point or queuing model

Publish and subscribe model

JMS API

WebSphere messaging

Default JMS provider

WebSphere Service Integration Bus

Creating a SiBus

Bus members

Adding bus members

Configuring JMS

Creating queue connection factories

Creating queue destinations

Reviewing the queue destination

Creating topic connection factories and destinations

Installing the JMS demo application

JMS Test Tool application

SiBus message reliability

Preparing a data store

Generating the SQL to create data store tables

Steps for generating DDL

Creating a JDBC datasource

Configuring the SiBus to use a data store

WebSphere MQ Messaging

WMQ case study in action

Installing WebSphere MQ

Running the WMQ installer

Creating a queue manager

Creating a WMQ connection factory

Creating a WMQ queue destination

Reconfiguring the JMS application

Disabling WebSphere MQ

Disabling MQ through the Administrative console

Disabling WMQ using wsadmin

Enabling MQ

WebSphere MQ link

Configuring MQ link

Configuring a SiBus for MQ link

Creating a queue destination for testing

Creating a foreign bus and MQ link connection

Viewing MQ link details

Viewing channel definitions

Preparing WMQ for MQ link

Sending a message to WebSphere from WMQ

Summary

8. Monitoring and Tuning

Using Tivoli Performance Viewer

Enabling Tivoli Performance Viewer

Enabling PMI

Key TPV categories

Summary reports

Key performance modules

Starting Tivoli Performance Viewer

TPV console panel

Monitoring example

TPV Logging

PMI for external monitoring

Request metrics

Enabling request metrics

Components to be instrumented

Trace level

Request metrics destination

Request metrics in SystemOut.log

Retrieving performance data with PerfServlet

Dynamic caching

JVM tuning

JVM core and heap dumps

Requesting a Java core dump using Jython

Requesting a heap dump using Jython

Analyzing a Java core (thread) dump

IBM Thread and Monitor Dump Analyzer for Java

Installing the JCA tool

Generate a Java core dump to view the thread lock

Other analysis tools

Setting the initial and maximum heap sizes

Tuning your heap size

Summary

9. Administrative Features

The administrative agent

Creating an administration profile

Profile Management Tool

Starting the administrative agent

Administrative agent console

Registering an application server node

Creating a second application server node

Removing the administrative agent

IBM HTTP Server

Starting IBM HTTP Server

The WebSphere plugin

Installing the WebSphere plugin

Accessing an application via IHS

Updating plugin-cfg.xml

Manually configuring the plugin

Manually creating a web server definition

Configuring SSL for IHS and the WebSphere plugin

Creating a self-signed SSL certificate

Adding SSL to the IHS virtual host configuration

Configuring virtual hosts

Updating an existing virtual host definition

Summary

10. Administration Tools

Dumping namespaces

Example name space dump

EAR expander

IBM Support Assistant

Downloading the ISA workbench

Installing the ISA workbench

Launching ISA

Adding add-on tools

Analyzing log files

Loading symptom catalogs

Summary

11. Product Maintenance

Understanding updates

Product update types

Update process overview

Preparing for updates

Creating a backup

Locating updates

Fix Central

Update Installers

Downloading the Update Installer

Installing the Update Installer

Downloading updates

Applying an update using the Update Installer

Silent updates

Logs

Troubleshooting tips

Problem: Silent Install

Resolution: Silent Install

Problem: GUI Install

Resolution: GUI Install

Problem: Installation wizard fails

Resolution: Installation wizard fails

Problem: Installation wizard hangs

Resolution: Installation wizard hangs

Summary

Index

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