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Animal Personalities电子书

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67人正在读 | 0人评论 9.8

作       者:Claudio Carere and Dario Maestripieri

出  版  社:University of Chicago Press

出版时间:2013-07-03

字       数:113.3万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 法律/政治/宗教

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Ask anyone who has owned a pet and they'll assure you that, yes, animals have personalities. And science is beginning to agree. Researchers have demonstrated that both domesticated and nondomesticated animals-from invertebrates to monkeys and apes-behave in consistently different ways, meeting the criteria for what many define as personality. But why the differences, and how are personalities shaped by genes and environmentHow did they evolveThe essays in Animal Personalities reveal that there is much to learn from our furred and feathered friends.?The study of animal personality is one of the fastest-growing areas of research in behavioral and evolutionary biology. Here Claudio Carere and Dario Maestripieri, along with a host of scholars from fields as diverse as ecology, genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, and psychology, provide a comprehensive overview of the current research on animal personality. Grouped into thematic sections, chapters approach the topic with empirical and theoretical material and show that to fully understand why personality exists, we must consider the evolutionary processes that give rise to personality, the ecological correlates of personality differences, and the physiological mechanisms underlying personality variation.
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Cover

Copyright

Title Page

Contents

Contributors

Introduction: Animal Personalities: Who Cares and Why?

Part I. Personalities across Animal Taxa

Chapter 1. The Bold and the Spineless: Invertebrate Personalities

Chapter 2. Evolutionary Perspectives on Personality in Stickleback Fish

Chapter 3. Avian Personality

Chapter 4. Differential Behavioral Ecology: The Structure, Life History, and Evolution of Primate Personality

Chapter 5. Personalities in a Comparative Perspective: What Do Human Psychologists Glean from Animal Personality Studies?

Part II. Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Animal Personalities

Chapter 6. Quantitative and Molecular Genetics of Animal Personality

Chapter 7. What Is the Evidence that Natural Selection Maintains Variation in Animal Personalities?

Chapter 8. Frontiers on the Interface between Behavioral Syndromes and Social Behavioral Ecology

Chapter 9. The Evolution of Animal Personalities

Part III. Development of Personalities and Their Underlying Mechanisms

Chapter 10. Ontogeny of Stable Individual Differences: Gene, Environment, and Epigenetic Mechanisms

Chapter 11. Parental Influences on Offspring Personality Traits in Oviparous and Placental Vertebrates

Chapter 12. Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Correlates of Animal Personalities

Part IV. Implications of Personality Research for Conservation Biology, Animal Welfare, and Human Health

Chapter 13. Animal Personality and Conservation Biology: The Importance of Behavioral Diversity

Chapter 14. Personality Variation in Cultured Fish: Implications for Production and Welfare

Chapter 15. Behavioral, Physiological, and Health Biases in Laboratory Rodents: A Basis for Understanding Mechanistic Links between Human Personality and Health

Index

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