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Studies on the Abuse and Decline of Reason电子书

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作       者:Hayek, F. A.

出  版  社:University of Chicago Press

出版时间:2010-03-15

字       数:86.4万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 法律/政治/宗教

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Studies on the Abuse and Decline of Reason is a series of fascinating essays on the study of social phenomena. How to best and most accurately study social interactions has long been debated intensely, and there are two main approaches: the positivists, who ignore intent and belief and draw on methods based in the sciences; and the nonpositivists, who argue that opinions and ideas drive action and are central to understanding social behavior. F. A. Hayek's opposition to the positivists and their claims to scientific rigor and certainty in the study of human behavior is a running theme of this important book.Hayek argues that the vast number of elements whose interactions create social structures and institutions make it unlikely that social science can predict precise outcomes. Instead, he contends, we should strive to simply understand the principles by which phenomena are produced. For Hayek this modesty of aspirations went hand in hand with his concern over widespread enthusiasm for economic planning. As a result, these essays are relevant to ongoing debates within the social sciences and to discussion about the role government can and should play in the economy.
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Cover

Title Page

Copyright

Contents

Editorial Foreword

Introduction

Prelude Individualism: True and False

Part I. Scientism and the Study of Society

One. The Influence of the Natural Sciences on the Social Sciences

Two. The Problem and the Method of the Natural Sciences

Three. The Subjective Character of the Data of the Social Sciences

Four. The Individualist and ‘Compositive’ Method of the Social Sciences

Five. The Objectivism of the Scientistic Approach

Six. The Collectivism of the Scientistic Approach

Seven. The Historicism of The Scientistic Approach

Eight. ‘Purposive’ Social Formations

Nine. ‘Conscious’ Direction and the Growth of Reason

Ten. Engineers and Planners

Part II. The Counter-Revolution of Science

Eleven. The Source of the Scientistic Hubris: L’Ecole Polytechnique

Twelve. The “Accoucheur d’Idées”: Henri De Saint-Simon

Thirteen. Social Physics: Saint-Simon and Comte

Fourteen. The Religion of the Engineers: Enfantin and the Saint-Simonians

Fifteen. Saint-Simonian Influence

Sixteen. Sociology: Comte and His Successors

Part III. Comte and Hegel

Seventeen. Comte and Hegel

Appendix

Some Notes on Propaganda in Germany (1939)

Selected Correspondence, F. A. Hayek to Fritz Machlup (1940–41)

Preface to the U. S. Edition (1952)

Preface to the German Edition (1959)

Acknowledgements

Index

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