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Institutes of the Christian Religion电子书

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作       者:John Calvin

出  版  社:Seltzer Books

出版时间:2018-03-01

字       数:323.9万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 法律/政治/宗教

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According to Wikipedia: "John Calvin (né Jean Cauvin; 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism. Originally trained as a humanist lawyer, he suddenly converted and broke from the Roman Catholic Church in the 1520s. After a violent uprising against Protestants in France, he was forced to flee to Basel, Switzerland, where in 1536 he published the first edition of his seminal work, Institutes of the Christian Religion. Calvin was invited by William Farel to help reform the church in Geneva. However, the city council resisted the implementation of Calvin and Farel's ideas and both were expelled. At the invitation of Martin Bucer, Calvin proceeded to Strasbourg where he became the minister of a church of French refugees. He continued to support the reform movement in Geneva, and was eventually invited back to lead its church. Following his return he introduced new forms of church government and liturgy, despite the opposition of several powerful families in the city who tried to curb his authority. During this period, Michael Servetus, a Spaniard known for his heretical views, arrived in Geneva. He was denounced by Calvin and executed by the city council. Following an influx of supportive refugees and new elections to the council, Calvin's opponents were forced out. He spent his final years promoting the Reformation both within Geneva and throughout Europe."
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INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION BY JOHN CALVIN

INTRODUCTION

THE PRINTERS TO THE READERS.

THE ORIGINAL TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE.

PREFATORY ADDRESS TO HIS MOST CHRISTIAN MAJESTY, THE MOST MIGHTY AND ILLUSTRIOUS MONARCH, FRANCIS, KING OF THE FRENCH, HIS SOVEREIGN; [1] JOHN CALVIN PRAYS PEACE AND SALVATION IN CHRIST. [2]

THE EPISTLE TO THE READER

SUBJECT OF THE PRESENT WORK.

EPISTLE TO THE READER.

METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT, OR SUBJECT OF THE WHOLE WORK.

BOOK FIRST. OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD THE CREATOR

CHAPTER 1. THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD AND OF OURSELVES MUTUALLY CONNECTED. --NATURE OF THE CONNECTION.

CHAPTER 2. WHAT IT IS TO KNOW GOD,--TENDENCY OF THIS KNOWLEDGE.

CHAPTER 3. THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD NATURALLY IMPLANTED IN THE HUMAN MIND.

CHAPTER 4. THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD STIFLED OR CORRUPTED, IGNORANTLY OR MALICIOUSLY.

CHAPTER 5. THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD CONSPICUOUS IN THE CREATION, AND CONTINUAL GOVERNMENT OF THE WORLD.

CHAPTER 6. THE NEED OF SCRIPTURE, AS A GUIDE AND TEACHER, IN COMING TO GOD AS A CREATOR.

CHAPTER 7. THE TESTIMONY OF THE SPIRIT NECESSARY TO GIVE FULL AUTHORITY TO SCRIPTURE. THE IMPIETY OF PRETENDING THAT THE CREDIBILITY OF SCRIPTURE DEPENDS ON THE JUDGMENT OF THE CHURCH.

CHAPTER 8. THE CREDIBILITY OF SCRIPTURE SUFFICIENTLY PROVED IN SO FAR AS NATURAL REASON ADMITS.

CHAPTER 9. ALL THE PRINCIPLES OF PIETY SUBVERTED BY FANATICS, WHO SUBSTITUTE REVELATIONS FOR SCRIPTURE.

CHAPTER 10. IN SCRIPTURE, THE TRUE GOD OPPOSED, EXCLUSIVELY, TO ALL THE GODS OF THE HEATHEN.

CHAPTER 11. IMPIETY OF ATTRIBUTING A VISIBLE FORM TO GOD.--THE SETTING UP OF IDOLS A DEFECTION FROM THE TRUE GOD.

CHAPTER 12. GOD DISTINGUISHED FROM IDOLS, THAT HE MAY BE THE EXCLUSIVE OBJECT OF WORSHIP.

CHAPTER 13. THE UNITY OF THE DIVINE ESSENCE IN THREE PERSONS TAUGHT, IN SCRIPTURE, FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD.

CHAPTER 14. IN THE CREATION OF THE WORLD, AND ALL THINGS IN IT, THE TRUE GOD DISTINGUISHED BY CERTAIN MARKS FROM FICTITIOUS GODS.

CHAPTER 15. STATE IN WHICH MAN WAS CREATED. THE FACULTIES OF THE SOUL--THE IMAGE OF GOD--FREE WILL--ORIGINAL RIGHTEOUSNESS.

CHAPTER 16. THE WORLD, CREATED BY GOD, STILL CHERISHED AND PROTECTED BY HIM. EACH AND ALL OF ITS PARTS GOVERNED BY HIS PROVIDENCE.

CHAPTER 17. USE TO BE MADE OF THE DOCTRINE OF PROVIDENCE.

CHAPTER 18. THE INSTRUMENTALITY OF THE WICKED EMPLOYED BY GOD, WHILE HE CONTINUES FREE FROM EVERY TAINT. [138]

BOOK SECOND. OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD THE REDEEMER, IN CHRIST, AS FIRST MANIFESTED TO THE FATHERS, UNDER THE LAW, AND THEREAFTER TO US UNDER THE GOSPEL.

CHAPTER 1. THROUGH THE FALL AND REVOLT OF ADAM, THE WHOLE HUMAN RACE MADE ACCURSED AND DEGENERATE. OF ORIGINAL SIN.

CHAPTER 2. MAN NOW DEPRIVED OF FREEDOM OF WILL, AND MISERABLY ENSLAVED.

CHAPTER 3. EVERY THING PROCEEDING FROM THE CORRUPT NATURE OF MAN DAMNABLE.

CHAPTER 4. HOW GOD WORKS IN THE HEARTS OF MEN.

CHAPTER 5. THE ARGUMENTS USUALLY ALLEGED IN SUPPORT OF FREE WILL REFUTED.

CHAPTER 6. REDEMPTION FOR MAN LOST TO BE SOUGHT IN CHRIST.

CHAPTER 7. THE LAW GIVEN, NOT TO RETAIN A PEOPLE FOR ITSELF, BUT TO KEEP ALIVE THE HOPE OF SALVATION IN CHRIST UNTIL HIS ADVENT.

CHAPTER 8. EXPOSITION OF THE MORAL LAW.

CHAPTER 9. CHRIST, THOUGH KNOWN TO THE JEWS UNDER THE LAW, YET ONLY MANIFESTED UNDER THE GOSPEL.

CHAPTER 10. THE RESEMBLANCE BETWEEN THE OLD TESTAMENT AND THE NEW. [225]

CHAPTER 11. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO TESTAMENTS.

CHAPTER 12. CHRIST, TO PERFORM THE OFFICE OF MEDIATOR, BEHOVED TO BECOME MAN.

CHAPTER 13. CHRIST CLOTHED WITH THE TRUE SUBSTANCE OF HUMAN NATURE.

CHAPTER 14. HOW TWO NATURES CONSTITUTE THE PERSON OF THE MEDIATOR.

CHAPTER 15. THREE THINGS BRIEFLY TO BE REGARDED IN CHRIST--VIZ. HIS OFFICES OF PROPHET, KING, AND PRIEST.

CHAPTER 16. HOW CHRIST PERFORMED THE OFFICE OF REDEEMER IN PROCURING OUR SALVATION. THE DEATH, RESURRECTION, AND ASCENSION OF CHRIST.

CHAPTER 17. CHRIST RIGHTLY AND PROPERLY SAID TO HAVE MERITED GRACE AND SALVATION FOR US.

BOOK THIRD. THE MODE OF OBTAINING THE GRACE OF CHRIST. THE BENEFITS IT CONFERS, AND THE EFFECTS RESULTING FROM IT.

CHAPTER 1. THE BENEFITS OF CHRIST MADE AVAILABLE TO US BY THE SECRET OPERATION OF THE SPIRIT.

CHAPTER 2. OF FAITH. THE DEFINITION OF IT. ITS PECULIAR PROPERTIES.

CHAPTER 3. REGENERATION BY FAITH. OF REPENTANCE.

CHAPTER 4. PENITENCE, AS EXPLAINED IN THE SOPHISTICAL JARGON OF THE SCHOOLMEN, WIDELY DIFFERENT FROM THE PURITY REQUIRED BY THE GOSPEL. OF CONFESSION AND SATISFACTION.

CHAPTER 5. OF THE MODES OF SUPPLEMENTING SATISFACTION--VIZ. INDULGENCES AND PURGATORY.

CHAPTER 6. THE LIFE OF A CHRISTIAN MAN. SCRIPTURAL ARGUMENTS EXHORTING TO IT.

CHAPTER 7. A SUMMARY OF THE CHRISTIAN LIFE. OF SELF-DENIAL. [391]

CHAPTER 8. OF BEARING THE CROSS--ONE BRANCH OF SELF-DENIAL.

CHAPTER 9. OF MEDITATING ON THE FUTURE LIFE.

CHAPTER 10. HOW TO USE THE PRESENT LIFE, AND THE COMFORTS OF IT.

CHAPTER 11. OF JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH. BOTH THE NAME AND THE REALITY DEFINED.

CHAPTER 12. NECESSITY OF CONTEMPLATING THE JUDGMENT-SEAT OF GOD, IN ORDER TO BE SERIOUSLY CONVINCED OF THE DOCTRINE OF GRATUITOUS JUSTIFICATION.

CHAPTER 13. TWO THINGS TO BE OBSERVED IN GRATUITOUS JUSTIFICATION.

CHAPTER 14. THE BEGINNING OF JUSTIFICATION. IN WHAT SENSE PROGRESSIVE.

CHAPTER 15. THE BOASTED MERIT OF WORKS SUBVERSIVE BOTH OF THE GLORY OF GOD, IN BESTOWING RIGHTEOUSNESS, AND OF THE CERTAINTY OF SALVATION.

CHAPTER 16. REFUTATION OF THE CALUMNIES BY WHICH IT IS ATTEMPTED TO THROW ODIUM ON THIS DOCTRINE.

CHAPTER 17. THE PROMISES OF THE LAW AND THE GOSPEL RECONCILED.

CHAPTER 18. THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF WORKS IMPROPERLY INFERRED FROM REWARDS.

CHAPTER 19. OF CHRISTIAN LIBERTY.

CHAPTER 20. OF PRAYER--A PERPETUAL EXERCISE OF FAITH. THE DAILY BENEFITS DERIVED FROM IT.

CHAPTER 21. OF THE ETERNAL ELECTION, BY WHICH GOD HAS PREDESTINATED SOME TO SALVATION, AND OTHERS TO DESTRUCTION.

CHAPTER 22. THIS DOCTRINE CONFIRMED BY PROOFS FROM SCRIPTURE.

CHAPTER 23. REFUTATION OF THE CALUMNIES BY WHICH THIS DOCTRINE IS ALWAYS UNJUSTLY ASSAILED.

CHAPTER 24. ELECTION CONFIRMED BY THE CALLING OF GOD. THE REPROBATE BRING UPON THEMSELVES THE RIGHTEOUS DESTRUCTION TO WHICH THEY ARE DOOMED.

CHAPTER 25. OF THE LAST RESURRECTION.

BOOK FOURTH. OF THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH

CHAPTER 1. OF THE TRUE CHURCH. DUTY OF CULTIVATING UNITY WITH HER, AS THE MOTHER OF ALL THE GODLY.

CHAPTER 2. COMPARISON BETWEEN THE FALSE CHURCH AND THE TRUE.

CHAPTER 3. OF THE TEACHERS AND MINISTERS OF THE CHURCH. THEIR ELECTION AND OFFICE.

CHAPTER 4. OF THE STATE OF THE PRIMITIVE CHURCH, AND THE MODE OF GOVERNMENT IN USE BEFORE THE PAPACY.

CHAPTER 5. THE ANCIENT FORM OF GOVERNMENT UTTERLY CORRUPTED BY THE TYRANNY OF THE PAPACY.

CHAPTER 6. OF THE PRIMACY OF THE ROMISH SEE.

CHAPTER 7. OF THE BEGINNING AND RISE OF THE ROMISH PAPACY, TILL IT ATTAINED A HEIGHT BY WHICH THE LIBERTY OF THE CHURCH WAS DESTROYED, AND ALL TRUE RULE OVERTHROWN.

CHAPTER 8. OF THE POWER OF THE CHURCH IN ARTICLES OF FAITH. THE UNBRIDLED LICENCE OF THE PAPAL CHURCH IN DESTROYING PURITY OF DOCTRINE.

CHAPTER 9. OF COUNCILS AND THEIR AUTHORITY. [579]

CHAPTER 10. OF THE POWER OF MAKING LAWS. THE CRUELTY OF THE POPE AND HIS ADHERENTS, IN THIS RESPECT, IN TYRANNICALLY OPPRESSING AND DESTROYING SOULS.

CHAPTER 11. OF THE JURISDICTION OF THE CHURCH, AND THE ABUSES OF IT, AS EXEMPLIFIED IN THE PAPACY.

CHAPTER 12. OF THE DISCIPLINE OF THE CHURCH, AND ITS PRINCIPAL USE IN CENSURES AND EXCOMMUNICATION.

CHAPTER 13. OF VOWS. THE MISERABLE ENTANGLEMENTS CAUSED BY VOWING RASHLY.

CHAPTER 14. OF THE SACRAMENTS.

CHAPTER 15. OF BAPTISM.

CHAPTER 16. PAEDOBAPTISM. ITS ACCORDANCE WITH THE INSTITUTION OF CHRIST, AND THE NATURE OF THE SIGN.

CHAPTER 17. OF THE LORD'S SUPPER, AND THE BENEFITS CONFERRED BY IT.

CHAPTER 18. OF THE POPISH MASS. HOW IT NOT ONLY PROFANES, BUT ANNIHILATES THE LORD'S SUPPER.

CHAPTER 19. OF THE FIVE SACRAMENTS, FALSELY SO CALLED. THEIR SPURIOUSNESS PROVED, AND THEIR TRUE CHARACTER EXPLAINED.

CHAPTER 20. OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT.

ONE HUNDRED APHORISMS, [693] CONTAINING, WITHIN A NARROW COMPASS, THE SUBSTANCE AND ORDER OF THE FOUR BOOKS OF THE INSTITUTES OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION.

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