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On the Origin of Species电子书

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作       者:Charles Darwin

出  版  社:Zillmann Publishing

出版时间:2016-03-19

字       数:74.7万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 家庭/亲子

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Bine a?i venit ?n casa primitoare a naturii, aici unde numerele stau al?turi de flori ?i anim?lu?e. Din acest fermec?tor tablou, nu trebuie s? lipsi nici voi, dragi copii.V? ve?i ?mprieteni cu matematica, urm?rind zborul fluturilor sau zburd?nd printre t?m?ioarele parfumate ?i ve?i ?nv??a, ?n mijlocul lor, graiul prin care plantele ?i animalele ??i r?nduiesc via?a calcul?nd totul f?r? eroare.Juca?i-v?, bucura?i-v? ?i ?nv??a?i u?or matematic?!
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Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION.

CHAPTER 1.

VARIATION UNDER DOMESTICATION.

ON THE BREEDS OF THE DOMESTIC PIGEON.

SELECTION.

CHAPTER 2.

VARIATION UNDER NATURE.

CHAPTER 3.

STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE.

CHAPTER 4.

NATURAL SELECTION.

SEXUAL SELECTION.

ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE ACTION OF NATURAL SELECTION.

ON THE INTERCROSSING OF INDIVIDUALS.

CIRCUMSTANCES FAVOURABLE TO NATURAL SELECTION.

EXTINCTION.

DIVERGENCE OF CHARACTER.

SUMMARY OF CHAPTER.

CHAPTER 5.

LAWS OF VARIATION.

EFFECTS OF USE AND DISUSE.

ACCLIMATISATION.

CORRELATION OF GROWTH.

SUMMARY.

CHAPTER 6.

DIFFICULTIES ON THEORY.

ON THE ABSENCE OR RARITY OF TRANSITIONAL VARIETIES.

ON THE ORIGIN AND TRANSITIONS OF ORGANIC BEINGS WITH PECULIAR HABITS AND STRUCTURE.

ORGANS OF EXTREME PERFECTION AND COMPLICATION.

ORGANS OF LITTLE APPARENT IMPORTANCE.

SUMMARY OF CHAPTER.

CHAPTER 7.

INSTINCT.

SLAVE-MAKING INSTINCT.

CELL-MAKING INSTINCT OF THE HIVE-BEE.

SUMMARY.

CHAPTER 8.

HYBRIDISM.

LAWS GOVERNING THE STERILITY OF FIRST CROSSES AND OF HYBRIDS.

CAUSES OF THE STERILITY OF FIRSTCROSSES AND OF HYBRIDS.

FERTILITY OF VARIETIES WHEN CROSSED, AND OF THEIR MONGREL OFFSPRING.

HYBRIDS AND MONGRELS COMPARED, INDEPENDENTLY OF THEIR FERTILITY.

SUMMARY OF CHAPTER.

CHAPTER 9.

ON THE IMPERFECTION OF THE GEOLOGICAL RECORD.

ON THE LAPSE OF TIME.

ON THE POORNESS OF OUR PALAEONTOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS.

ON THE SUDDEN APPEARANCE OF WHOLE GROUPS OF ALLIED SPECIES.

ON THE SUDDEN APPEARANCE OF GROUPS OF ALLIED SPECIES IN THE LOWEST KNOWN FOSSILIFEROUS STRATA.

CHAPTER 10.

ON THE GEOLOGICAL SUCCESSION OF ORGANIC BEINGS.

ON EXTINCTION.

ON THE FORMS OF LIFE CHANGING ALMOST SIMULTANEOUSLY THROUGHOUT THE WORLD.

ON THE STATE OF DEVELOPMENT OF ANCIENT FORMS.

ON THE SUCCESSION OF THE SAME TYPES WITHIN THE SAME AREAS, DURING THE LATER TERTIARY PERIODS.

SUMMARY OF THE PRECEDING AND PRESENT CHAPTERS.

CHAPTER 11.

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION.

MEANS OF DISPERSAL.

DISPERSAL DURING THE GLACIAL PERIOD.

CHAPTER 12.

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION--continued.

ON THE INHABITANTS OF OCEANIC ISLANDS.

SUMMARY OF LAST AND PRESENT CHAPTERS.

CHAPTER 13.

MUTUAL AFFINITIES OF ORGANIC BEINGS: MORPHOLOGY: EMBRYOLOGY: RUDIMENTARY ORGANS.

MORPHOLOGY.

EMBRYOLOGY.

RUDIMENTARY, ATROPHIED, OR ABORTED ORGANS.

SUMMARY.

CHAPTER 14.

RECAPITULATION AND CONCLUSION.

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