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Primitive Mythology电子书

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作       者:Joseph Campbell

出  版  社:Joseph Campbell Foundation

出版时间:2018-04-25

字       数:109.9万

所属分类: 进口书 > 外文原版书 > 科技/医学

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  • 读书简介
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Explore the power of myth as humanity first discovered it Collected Works of Joseph Campbell edition — with up-to-date science In this first volume of The Masks of God — Joseph Campbell’s major work of comparative mythology — the preeminent mythologist looks at the wellsprings of myth. From the earliest expressions of religious awe in pre-modern humans to the rites and art of contemporary primal tribes, myth has informed humankind's understanding of the world, seen and unseen. Exploring these archetypal mythic images and practices, Campbell examines the basic concepts that underlie all human myth, even to this day. The Masks of God is a four-volume study of world religion and myth that stands as one of Joseph Campbell’s masterworks. On completing it, he wrote: Its main result for me has been the confirmation of a thought I have long and faithfully entertained: of the unity of the race of man, not only in its biology, but also in its spiritual history, which has everywhere unfolded in the manner of a single symphony, with its themes announced, developed, amplified and turned about, distorted, reasserted, and today, in a grand fortissimo of all sections sounding together, irresistibly advancing to some kind of mighty climax, out of which the next great movement will emerge. This new digital edition is part of the Collected Works of Joseph Campbell series. Joseph Campbell Foundation has worked with scientists and academics to bring the anthropological and paleontological information Campbell explores in line with the best twenty-first century scholarship. (Comparative Mythology: paleontology, Neanderthal and Cro-magnon culture, neolithic and paleolithic art and religion.) "[T]he mask in a primitive festival is revered and experienced as a veritable apparition of the mythical being that it represents — even though everyone knows that a man made the mask and that a man is wearing it. The one wearing it, furthermore, is identified with the god during the time of the ritual of which the mask is a part. He does not merely represent the god; he is the god."— Joseph Campbell, Primitive Mythology
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Foreword

On Completion of The Masks of God

A Note on the 1969 Edition of Primitive Mythology

Editors Foreword to the 2018 Collected Works of Joseph Campbell Edition

Prologue — Toward a Natural History of the Gods and Heroes

1. The Lineaments of a New Science

II. The Well of the Past

Part One The Psychology of Myth

Introduction The Lesson of the Mask

Chapter 1 The Enigma of the Inherited Image

I. The Innate Releasing Mechanism

II. The Supernormal Sign Stimulus

Chapter 2 The Imprints of Experience

I. Suffering and Rapture

II. The Structuring Force of Life on Earth

III. The Imprints of Early Infancy

IV. The Spontaneous Animism of Childhood

V. The System of Sentiments of the Local Group

VI. The Impact of Old Age

Part Two: The Mythology of the Primitive Planters

Chapter Three The Culture Province of the High Civilizations

I. The Proto-Neolithic: c. 12,500-7000 b.c.

II. The Basal Neolithic: c. 7000-3500 b.c.

III. The High Neolithic: c. 5000-3500 b.c.

IV. The Hieratic City State: c. 5400–2500 b.c.

Chapter Four The Province of the Immolated Kings

I. The Legend of the Destruction of Kash

II. A Night of Shehrzad

III. The King, and the Virgin of the Vestal Fire

Chapter 5 The Ritual Love-Death

I. The Descent and Return of the Maiden

II. The Mythological Event

III. Persephone

IV. The Monster Eel

IV. Parallelism or Diffusion?

VI. The Ritual Love-Death i Pre-Columbian America

Part Three The Mythology of the Primitive Hunters

Chapter 6 Shamanism

I. The Shaman and the Priest

II. Shamanistic Magic

III. The Shamanistic Vision

IV. The Fire-Bringer

Chapter 7 The Animal Master

I. The Legend of the Buffalo Dance

II. Paleolithic Mythology

III. The Ritual of the Returned Blood

Chapter 8 The Paleolithic Caves

I. The Shamans of the Great Hunt

II. Our Lady of the Mammoths

III. The Master Bear

IV. The Mythologies of the Two Worlds

Part Four The Archaeology of Myth

Chapter 9 Mythological Thresholds of the Paleolithic

I. The Stage of Australopithecus

(3.3–2.1 million b.c.)

II. The Stage of Homo erectus

(1,890,000–70,000 b.c.)

III. That Stage of Neanderthal Man

(c. >200,000–23,000 b.c.)

IV. The Stage of Cro-Magnon Man

(circa 38,000 b.c.–7,000 b.c.)

The Aurignacian

The Solutrean

The Magdalenian

V. The Capsian-Microlithic Style

(c. 30,000-4000 b.c.)

Chapter 10 Mythological Thresholds of the Neolithic

I. The Great Serpent of the Earliest Planters

(c. 12,500 b.c.?)

II. The Birth of Civilization in the Near East

(c. 12,500 b.c. – 2,500 b.c.)

III. The Great Diffusion

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