When the Lights Went Out
Where were you when the lights went outAt home during a thunderstormDuring the Great Northeastern Blackout of 1965In California when rolling blackouts hit in 2000In 2003, when a cascading power failure left fifty million people without electricityWe often remember vividly our time in the dark. In When the Lights Went Out, David Nye views power outages in America from 1935 to the present not simply as technical failures but variously as military tactic, social disruption, crisis in the networked city, outcome of political and economic decisions, sudden encounter with sublimity, and memories enshrined in photographs. Our electrically lit-up life is so natural to us that when the lights go off, the darkness seems abnormal. Nye looks at America's development of its electrical grid, which made large-scale power failures possible and a series of blackouts from military blackouts to the "greenout" (exemplified by the new tradition of "Earth Hour"), a voluntary reduction organized by environmental organizations. Blackouts, writes Nye, are breaks in the flow of social time that reveal much about the trajectory of American history. Each time one occurs, Americans confront their essential condition -- not as isolated individuals, but as a community that increasingly binds itself together with electrical wires and signals.
The Techno-Human Condition
In The Techno-Human Condition, Braden Allenby and Daniel Sarewitz explore what it means to be human in an era of incomprehensible technological complexity and change. They argue that if we are to have any prospect of managing that complexity, we will need to escape the shackles of current assumptions about rationality, progress, and certainty, even as we maintain a commitment to fundamental human values.Humans have been co-evolving with their technologies since the dawn of prehistory. What is different now is that we have moved beyond external technological interventions to transform ourselves from the inside out -- even as we also remake the Earth system itself. Coping with this new reality, say Allenby and Sarewitz, means liberating ourselves from such categories as "human," "technological," and "natural" to embrace a new techno-human relationship.
Each of us is a collection of more than ten trillion cells, busy performing tasks crucial to our continued existence. Gene regulation networks, consisting of a subset of genes called tran*ion factors, control cellular activity, producing the right gene activities for the many situations that the multiplicity of cells in our bodies face. Genes working together make up a truly ingenious system. In this book, Roger Sansom investigates how gene regulation works and how such a refined but simple system evolved. Sansom describes in detail two frameworks for understanding gene regulation. The first, developed by the theoretical biologist Stuart Kauffman, holds that gene regulation networks are fundamentally systems that repeat patterns of gene expression. Sansom finds Kauffman's framework an inadequate explanation for how cells overcome the difficulty of development. Sansom proposes an alternative: the connectionist framework. Drawing on work from artificial intelligence and philosophy of mind, he argues that the key lies in how multiple tran*ion factors combine to regulate a single gene, acting in a way that is qualitatively consistent. This allows the expression of genes to be finely tuned to the variable microenvironments of cells. Because of the nature of both development and its evolution, we can gain insight into the developmental process when we identify gene regulation networks as the controllers of development. The ingenuity of genes is explained by how gene regulation networks evolve to control development.
Legal texts have been with us since the dawn of human history. Beginning in 1953, life too became textual. The discovery of the structure of DNA made it possible to represent the basic matter of life with permutations and combinations of four letters of the alphabet, A, T, C, and G. Since then, the biological and legal conceptions of life have been in constant, mutually constitutive interplay--the former focusing on life's definition, the latter on life's entitlements. Reframing Rights argues that this period of transformative change in law and the life sciences should be considered "bioconstitutional."Reframing Rights explores the evolving relationship of biology, biotechnology, and law through a series of national and cross-national case studies. Sheila Jasanoff maps out the conceptual territory in a substantive editorial introduction, after which the contributors offer "snapshots" of developments at the frontiers of biotechnology and the law. Chapters examine such topics as national cloning and xenotransplant policies; the politics of stem cell research in Britain, Germany, and Italy; DNA profiling and DNA databases in criminal law; clinical trials in India and the United States; the GM crop controversy in Britain; and precautionary policymaking in the European Union. These cases demonstrate changes of constitutional significance in the relations among human bodies, selves, science, and the state.
Engineers for Change
In the late 1960s an eclectic group of engineers joined the antiwar and civil rights activists of the time in agitating for change. The engineers were fighting to remake their profession, challenging their fellow engineers to embrace a more humane vision of technology. In Engineers for Change, Matthew Wisnioski offers an account of this conflict within engineering, linking it to deep-seated assumptions about technology and American life. The postwar period in America saw a near-utopian belief in technology's beneficence. Beginning in the mid-1960s, however, society--influenced by the antitechnology writings of such thinkers as Jacques Ellul and Lewis Mumford--began to view technology in a more negative light. Engineers themselves were seen as conformist organization men propping up the military-industrial complex. A dissident minority of engineers offered critiques of their profession that appropriated concepts from technology's critics. These dissidents were criticized in turn by conservatives who regarded them as countercultural Luddites. And yet, as Wisnioski shows, the radical minority spurred the professional elite to promote a new understanding of technology as a rapidly accelerating force that our institutions are ill-equipped to handle. The negative consequences of technology spring from its very nature--and not from engineering's failures. "Sociotechnologists" were recruited to help society adjust to its technology. Wisnioski argues that in responding to the challenges posed by critics within their profession, engineers in the 1960s helped shape our dominant contemporary understanding of technological change as the driver of history.
Sitting on the beach on a sunny summer day, we enjoy the steady advance and retreat of the waves. In the water, enthusiastic waders jump and shriek with pleasure when a wave hits them. But where do these waves come fromHow are they formed and why do they break on the shoreIn Waves, Fredric Raichlen traces the evolution of waves, from their generation in the deep ocean to their effects on the coast. He explains, in a way that is readily understandable to nonscientists, both the science of waves themselves and the technology that can be used to protect us against their more extreme forms, including hurricanes and tsunamis. After offering a basic definition of waves and explaining the mechanics of wind-wave generation, Raichlen describes how waves travel, how they shoal (rise), how they break, and how they transform in other ways. He goes on to describe, among other things, the complicated sun-Earth-moon combinations that create astronomical tides (the high and low tides that occur daily and predictably); the effects of waves on the beach, including rip currents and beach erosion, and on harbors and shipping; and the building of breakwaters to protect harbors and bays. He discusses hurricanes, storm surges, and hurricane-generated waves. He offers a brief history of tsunamis, including Sumatra's in 2004 and Japan's in 2011, and explains the mechanisms that generate them (including earthquakes, landslides, and volcanoes). Waves can be little ripples that lap peacefully at the shore or monstrous tsunamis that destroy everything in their paths. Describing the science underlying this astonishing variety, Waves offers a different kind of beach reading.
The Art of Failure
We may think of video games as being "fun," but in The Art of Failure, Jesper Juul claims that this is almost entirely mistaken. When we play video games, our facial expressions are rarely those of happiness or bliss. Instead, we frown, grimace, and shout in frustration as we lose, or die, or fail to advance to the next level. Humans may have a fundamental desire to succeed and feel competent, but game players choose to engage in an activity in which they are nearly certain to fail and feel incompetent. So why do we play video games even though they make us unhappyJuul examines this paradox. In video games, as in tragic works of art, literature, theater, and cinema, it seems that we want to experience unpleasantness even if we also dislike it. Reader or audience reaction to tragedy is often explained as catharsis, as a purging of negative emotions. But, Juul points out, this doesn't seem to be the case for video game players. Games do not purge us of unpleasant emotions; they produce them in the first place. What, then, does failure in video game playing doJuul argues that failure in a game is unique in that when you fail in a game, you (not a character) are in some way inadequate. Yet games also motivate us to play more, in order to escape that inadequacy, and the feeling of escaping failure (often by improving skills) is a central enjoyment of games. Games, writes Juul, are the art of failure: the singular art form that sets us up for failure and allows us to experience it and experiment with it. The Art of Failure is essential reading for anyone interested in video games, whether as entertainment, art, or education.
Emil du Bois-Reymond
Emil du Bois-Reymond is the most important forgotten intellectual of the nineteenth century. In his own time (1818--1896) du Bois-Reymond grew famous in his native Germany and beyond for his groundbreaking research in neuroscience and his provocative addresses on politics and culture. This biography by Gabriel Finkelstein draws on personal papers, published writings, and contemporary responses to tell the story of a major scientific figure. Du Bois-Reymond's discovery of the electrical transmission of nerve signals, his innovations in laboratory instrumentation, and his reductionist methodology all helped lay the foundations of modern neuroscience.In addition to describing the pioneering experiments that earned du Bois-Reymond a seat in the Prussian Academy of Sciences and a professorship at the University of Berlin, Finkelstein recounts du Bois-Reymond's family origins, private life, public service, and lasting influence. Du Bois-Reymond's public lectures made him a celebrity. In talks that touched on science, philosophy, history, and literature, he introduced Darwin to German students (triggering two days of debate in the Prussian parliament); asked, on the eve of the Franco-Prussian War, whether France had forfeited its right to exist; and proclaimed the mystery of consciousness, heralding the age of doubt. The first modern biography of du Bois-Reymond in any language, this book recovers an important chapter in the history of science, the history of ideas, and the history of Germany.
The Feeling of Failure
Every day, hundreds of millions of people around the world play video games -- on smart phones, on computers, on consoles -- and most of them will experience failure at some point in the game; they will lose, die, or fail to advance to the next level. Not completing Super Real Tennis is not a tragedy. But it feels like a failure. This BIT explores how it feels when we fail.
While philosophers of mind have been arguing over the status of mental representations in cognitive science, cognitive scientists have been quietly engaged in studying perception, action, and cognition without explaining them in terms of mental representation. In this BIT, Anthony Chemero maps the evolution of a nonrepresentational, dynamical, ecological cognitive science and introduces radical embodied cognition.
Chaos and Organization in Health Care
One of the most daunting challenges facing the new U.S. administration is health care reform. The size of the system, the number of stakeholders, and ever-rising costs make the problem seem almost intractable. But in Chaos and Organization in Health Care, two leading physicians offer an optimistic prognosis. In their frontline work as providers, Thomas Lee and James Mongan see the inefficiency, the missed opportunities, and the occasional harm that can result from the current system. The root cause of these problems, they argue, is chaos in the delivery of care. If the problem is chaos, the solution is organization, and in this timely and outspoken book, they offer a plan.In many ways, this chaos is caused by something good: the dramatic progress in medical science--the explosion of medical knowledge and the exponential increase in treatment options. Imposed on a fragmented system of small practices and individual patients with multiple providers, progress results in chaos. Lee and Mongan argue that attacking this chaos is even more important than whether health care is managed by government or controlled by market forces. Some providers are already tightly organized, adapting management principles from business and offering care that is by many measures safer, better, and less costly. Lee and Mongan propose multiple strategies that can be adopted nationwide, including electronic medical records and information systems for sharing knowledge; team-based care, with doctors and other providers working together; and disease management programs to coordinate care for the sickest patients.
The Apemen of Africa
Jules Verne's novel on Darwinism and human development. A hunting party on the headwaters of the Congo has its leader killed and supplies destroyed by a herd of rampaging elephants. They find a raft and travel down river. They rescue a b
Jazz Age Chronicles #7
The Flowers of San Pedro - PART 2 of 3. Ace Mifflin finds himself out of his element of speakeasies and city streets as he travels to Colorado into the midst of cutthroats, Indian shamans, and occult evil. Now he has to deal with a town of very angr
Jazz Age Chronicles #8
The Flowers of San Pedro - PART 3 of 3. As the clues become harder to find Ace Mifflin finds that the crime ridden streets of his Boston neighborhood were nothing compared to what he experiences out West. Mifflin finds himself out of his element as h
Jazz Age Chronicles #9
Stranger in Bryn Mawr - While Professor Clifton Jennings and Ace Mifflin settle their differences in a heated baseball game, young genius, Nora Carlisle, uncovers a mystery of her own at the college she is attending.
Jazz Age Chronicles #5
Vote Early and Often - PART 2 of 2. Ace Mifflin, private eye, finds himself on the wrong side of the law as he attempts to help an old friend beat a murder charge. On the verge of finding the proof that he needs to clear his friend, his evidence disa
Jazz Age Chronicles #6
The Flowers of San Pedro - PART 1 of 3. Clifford Jennings and Ace Mifflin travel to New Mexico to investigate the disappearance of Jennings’ old colleague, Professor Russell who was a member of Jenning's secret organization. But Mifflin finds himself
Jazz Age Chronicles: Volume Two
DOUBLE MYSTERY "The Flowers of San Pedro": Jennings and Mifflin travel to New Mexico to investigate the disappearance of Jennings’ old colleague, Professor Russell. Mifflin finds himself out of his element as he travels into the midst of cutthroats, In
Seashore Organism in Penang National Park
This is the first field guide for the seashore organisms in Penang National Park, Penang, Malaysia to present the magnificent seashore species that make up a striking diversity in this natural environment. The content of this book are largely restricted to the organisms that are most frequently encountered or interesting to be documented; displayed by colour photographs, taken in their natural habitats; their taxonomic positions are indicated, brief de*ions are provided and together with the details of their known geographic distribution (types of habitat and distribution zone). The images in the field guide were also taken with uniform background, with views from the ventral, dorsal, side and close-up (for important identification) to assist the readers/users for clear visual identification of the organisms they encountered. This book aims to stimulate interest in seashore ecosystems and will broaden the general knowledge of the interested layman and the scientific visitor of coastal seashore areas regarding biodiversity. It will also help both institutions and individuals to develop an appreciation of broader environmental concerns.
Theory of Structures
This book aims at providing students of civil engineering with basic skill of structural analysis to determine internal forces as well as deflection of statically determinate planar structures. It covers major structural types of trusses, beams, and frames. Three-pinned arches and cables are also covered to complete the coverage of statically determinate structures. As for deflection of structures, the use of moment-area method and conjugate beam method are covered. The effect of moving load on structures under the topic of influence line is also included. The emphasis of the book is on development of students’ ability to formulate procedures needed to solve statically determinate problem. Importance of using appropriate free body diagrams to assist in the process of analysis is emphasized through the use of diagrams in the examples given in the book. The students are expected to be able to develop proficiency of solving for internal forces and deflections through the worked examples given in the book. Apart from quantitative analysis, an important skill of qualitative analysis through sketching of qualitative deflected shape based on bending moment diagram is also covered.
Land Cover Changes and Their Relationship with ……
Nowadays, land cover changes are a major issue of global environmental change. Investigation on this subject has now been done by using remote sensing application. Research has been done in the Penang Island, which is one of the affected areas due to industrial and residential areas growth. Thus, this monograph is published to demonstrate an effective application through remote sensing technique to explore the environmental change and its impact on local environment that is caused by abrupt change in land use. It provides appropriate and comprehensive information for researchers involved in the study of environmental management, urban planning, land surface characteristics, and related support fields. This monograph highlights the relationship between land surface temperature and normalized difference vegetation index as the major results. The remote sensing technique used in this study was found to be efficient. It reduced the time for the analysis of land cover changes and was found to be a useful tool.