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课本中、课堂上不会解释的单词重难用法 具体又详细地同义词、同义短语辨析与用法 精解初中阶段必考短语搭配、句型结构和惯用法 罗列英语中常见表达错误,警示错误 解析、例句、对比和特别说明重分明,有层次性 精心编排查询索性,方便读者翻阅查找 中考真题配合详尽答案解析,讲练结合,及时巩固。

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作       者:徐广联

出  版  社:华东理工大学出版社

出版时间:2017-01-05

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《课本中不会教你的初中英语单词、词组、句型和惯用法》对初中英语教材中所涉及的基本句型、词汇搭配和习惯用法,作了全面的归纳、总结,可供读者随时查阅、熟记,解疑去惑。本书对初中英语所涵盖的同义词、近义词和反义词,作了详细的辨析,以帮助学生掌握词义的差别及特,提高理解能力,增强语感。改版后新增综合练习,选取全国各地中考真题,并由徐广联老师编写具体的答案详解。 《课本中不会教你的初中英语单词、词组、句型和惯用法》对初中英语教材中所涉及的基本句型、词汇搭配和习惯用法,作了全面的归纳、总结,可供读者随时查阅、熟记,解疑去惑。本书对初中英语所涵盖的同义词、近义词和反义词,作了详细的辨析,以帮助学生掌握词义的差别及特,提高理解能力,增强语感。改版后新增综合练习,选取全国各地中考真题,并由徐广联老师编写具体的答案详解。
【推荐语】
课本中、课堂上不会解释的单词重难用法 具体又详细地同义词、同义短语辨析与用法 精解初中阶段必考短语搭配、句型结构和惯用法 罗列英语中常见表达错误,警示错误 解析、例句、对比和特别说明重分明,有层次性 精心编排查询索性,方便读者翻阅查找 中考真题配合详尽答案解析,讲练结合,及时巩固。
【作者】
徐广联(1956-),男,安徽利辛人,南京理工大学学报(社科版)主编、副教授;研究方向:英美文学、翻译学。1981年毕业于阜阳师范学院外语系英语专业,1989年获得河南大学英美文学研究所英美专业硕士学位。 著有《大学英语语法讲座与测试》《超强大4500高中英语词汇必备(3500必考高考词汇 1000四六级拓展词汇)》《超强大3500初中英语词汇必备(2500必考中考词汇 1000高中衔词汇)》《课本中不会教你的初中英语单词、词组、句型和惯用法》《课本中不会教你的高中英语单词、词组、句型和惯用法》等。
目录展开

前言Preface

第一章 介词与冠词

一、重点难点精讲

1 about和on表示“关于”的区别

2 across,through,over,cross和past

3 after和behind都可以表示“在……后面”

4 after和in能否都表示“在……后”

5 at,in和on表示时间时怎样区别

6 at,in,on,beside,by和near表示地点时怎样区别

7 at home,at school和in school

8 at night和in the night

9 at table和at the table

10 at the end of,by the end of,in the end和to the end

11 at the front和at the back等有关词组的用法

12 at work和at rest

13 before和ago

14 below和under

15 besides,except,except for,but和beside

16 between和among最主要的区别

17 by和with

18 by car,in a car和in one's car是否都对——表示交通工具的介词

19 by the way和on the/one's way to

20 during,for和through

21 during the past three years是什么时态标志

22 for能否表示目的

23 from和since

24 in,into和on,onto

25 in class和in the class

26 in Class 1和in a race中的in含义不同

27 in English还是with English

28 in front,in front of和in the front of

29 in good health,in red和in a black hat中的in含义不同

30 in hospital和in the hospital

31 in the team和on the team

32 in the tree和on the tree

33 in time,on time和at this time of

34 inside和into

35 like和as用作介词

36 like this和like that

37 near和next to

38 of和in

39 on earth,on the earth和in the earth

40 on Sunday,on Sundays和on a Sunday

41 on the corner,at the corner和in the corner

42 on the wall和in the wall

43 over,on和above

44 round和around

45 to the east of,in the east of和on the east

46 to用作介词和不定式符号的区别

47 with引导的短语怎样用作定语或状语

48 with和without

二、正误速辨

第二章 代词

一、重点难点精讲

49 all的用法

50 anyone,anybody和any one

51 both的用法

52 each和every

53 either的用法

54 everyday是否等于every day

55 everyone不完全等于every one

56 not everyone——部分否定怎样表示

57 everything和every thing

58 it能否指婴孩

59 it和one

60 its,it's和he's

61 my还是mine——不可混淆的两类物主代词

62 none,all,neither和no one

63 a blue one,the one和the ones

64 oneself,by oneself和all by oneself

65 the other和another

66 others和the others

67 other,the other和else

68 some,some of和any

69 somebody,someone和some one均可表示“某人”,作主语时,谓语动词都用单数形式

70 somebody和anybody

71 something和anything

72 something different还是different something

73 this,these和that,those所指不同

74 what的4种用法

75 whose的用法

二、正误速辨

第三章 数词

一、重点难点精讲

76 a,an和one

77 a,one,the one和the ones

78 a second和the second

79 first,firstly和at first

80 Grade 1和the first grade——英语中编号的表示法

81 hundreds of还是hundred of——数词的概指与确指怎样表示

82 one and a half apples和one apple and a half是否都对

83 ten minutes' walk——数词怎样用作定语

84 two meters long还是two meter long——长、宽、高、深的表示法

85 two-thirds还是two-third——分数的正确表示法

86 What's...and...?和How much is...and...?——加法的表示法

二、正误速辨

第四章 形容词和副词

一、重点难点精讲

87 a half和half a

88 a little,a bit和a bit of

89 a moment,at the moment和the moment

90 a number of和the number of

91 afraid和anxious

92 ago和before的用法难点

93 alike和like

94 alive,living和live

95 all用作副词在句中的位置

96 all和all of

97 all,both和each

98 all day和all night

99 all right的两种常见用法

100 all和whole都可以表示“所有的,全部的”,但用法不同

101 almost,nearly和hardly

102 alone和lonely

103 already,still和yet

104 always能否同进行时态连用

105 always和all the time都可表示“总是,一直”

106 always,often和usually

107 angry with,angry about和angry at

108 another,more和some more

109 any后可以跟哪些名词

110 any和every

111 any和some

112 “any other+单数名词”和“other+复数名词”的用法

113 as...as的否定式有几种

114 away和off

115 bad和badly的比较级和最高级均为worse [wɜ:s],worst [wɜ:st]

116 bad和ill

117 bad和wrong

118 be afraid of和be afraid to

119 beautiful,pretty,handsome和fair都可以表示“美丽的,漂亮的”

120 before long和long before

121 big,large,huge和great

122 black和dark

123 bright,clever,wise和smart

124 broad和wide

125 broken,tired和worried能否用作形容词

126 busy,be busy in,be busy with和be busy doing sth.

127 certain和some

128 clean和clear

129 close,near和closely

130 common和usual

131 crazy和mad

132 dead,deadly,death,deathly和die

133 different和various

134 difficult和hard

135 each和every

136 early和soon

137 easy和simple

138 elder,eldest,older和oldest均为old的比较级和最高级形式,但含义不同

139 else和other

140 enough的用法

141 ever和once

142 every表示“每隔”的用法

143 excellent,fine,good,nice和well都含有“好”的意思

144 excuse和sorry

145 expensive和dear

146 faint和weak

147 famous和well-known

148 far away,far away from和far from

149 farther和further

150 fast和quick

151 fast,quickly和soon都可以表示“快”,但含义不同

152 fastest和the fastest

153 fine和nice

154 fortunate和lucky

155 glad,happy和pleased

156 gold和golden

157 good at和weak in等的比较

158 be good at,be good for,be good to和be bad for

159 happy和merry

160 hard和hardly

161 here,in here和there,in there

162 high,tall和highly

163 hot和warm

164 hour after hour表示什么意义

165 how many和how much的3种句子结构

166 how much还是how many——怎样询问价格

167 ill和sick都表示“有病的,患病的”

168 indeed和really

169 instead和instead of

170 interested和interesting都是由interest(感兴趣)转化来的

171 just和just now

172 last和final

173 late,later和later on

174 less+形容词+than怎样使用

175 likely,possible和probable

176 little,a little和few,a few怎样使用

177 little和small

178 lots of,a lot和a lot of

179 loud,aloud和loudly

180 many,much和plenty of

181 the more,the better怎样使用

182 more or less的用法

183 most,the most和a most

184 much,quite和very

185 much taller还是very taller——哪些副词可以修饰比较级

186 next week和the next week能否换用

187 be nice of sb.和be nice to sb.

188 no,not a,not any和not

189 no longer,not...any longer,not...any more和no more

190 not在否定疑问句和反问句中的位置

191 not at all,not...at all和not...very much

192 of all,of the three和in all

193 officer和official

194 OK和O.K.是否都对

195 on the right和to the right of sb.

196 one day,in one day和some day

197 only的用法

198 over there和over here是否都对

199 pleased,pleasing和pleasant

200 plenty和plenty of

201 quick和quickly

202 quiet和still

203 rather,quite和badly

204 ready的3种用法

205 real和true

206 rich,the rich和wealthy

207 right和correct

208 right away,in a minute和at the moment

209 sad和sorry

210 same的用法

211 several和some

212 so far和up to now用于什么时态

213 some和some of

214 some time,sometime,some times和sometimes

215 still的用法

216 be strict with和be strict in

217 such,what,so和how

218 sure的用法

219 surprised和surprising

220 “the+形容词最高级+in...”和“the+形容词最高级+of...”有什么区别

221 the+形容词比较级+the+形容词比较级

222 the+比较级+of the two

223 the students there还是the there students——可以用作定语的副词

224 three-legged是什么结构的词

225 too,also,either和as well

226 too,so和very表示“非常”的区别

227 too much,much too,too many和very much

228 unused和useless

229 well和good

230 worth和worthy

二、正误速辨

第五章 连词

一、重点难点精讲

231 although和though

232 and和or都是并列连词

233 as的4种用法

234 as和like

235 as...as结构

236 because,as,since和for表示原因的区别

237 both...and,neither...nor和either...or

238 every time,each time和the next time

239 if和whether

240 not...and和not...or

241 so that,so...that和such that

242 till,until和not...until

243 when,while,as和as soon as

二、正误速辨

第六章 名词

一、重点难点精讲

244 a number of和the number of

245 accident和event

246 affair和business

247 age和year

248 ancient和old

249 army和force

250 article和composition

251 at the doctor's还是at the doctors'

252 bank,beach和shore

253 best wishes to和best wishes for有什么区别

254 blouse和shirt均有“衬衫”的意思

255 boat和ship

256 cap和hat

257 cause和reason

258 chicken,fish和tea是可数名词还是不可数名词

259 city和town

260 Class Two is和Class Two are是否都对

261 climate和weather

262 clothes,clothing,dress,coat,suit和cloth

263 colour,colours和colour sth.+形容词

264 congratulations,best wishes和thanks to中的“s”能否省去

265 cook和cooker

266 country,land,nation和state

267 cup和glass

268 a cup of tea——不可数名词的数量怎样表示

269 date与day

270 delight,joy和pleasure

271 desk和table

272 dinner和meal

273 disease和illness

274 door,gate,entrance和entry

275 earth,world,ground,land和soil

276 English既可以作名词,也可以作形容词

277 error,fault,mistake和wrong

278 evening和night

279 examination,quiz和test都有“考试”的意思

280 exercise和practice

281 family,home,house和hometown

282 fish,a fish和fishes

283 forest和wood

284 fur,leather和skin

285 game,match,play和sport

286 garden和park

287 Germans还是Germen——“哪国人”的单复数怎样表示

288 the Greens还是Greens——“一家人”怎样表示

289 habit和custom

290 health,healthy和healthful

291 heart和mind

292 hill,mountain和mount

293 idea和thought

294 income和pay

295 information,knowledge和learning

296 job,work和labour

297 journey,travel和trip

298 lesson和class

299 light的用法

300 Madam,Miss,Ms.,Mrs.,Mr.和sir

301 man,person,people和the people

302 May 3rd和May 3——几月几日的表示法

303 much help和a help

304 noise,sound,voice和accent

305 novel,story和tale

306 o'clock和hour

307 on the table还是on table

308 “one of the+名词”和“all of the+名词”

309 opinion和view

310 pair的用法

311 people和person

312 photo和picture

313 population的用法

314 power和strength

315 problem和question都可以表示“问题”

316 pupil和student

317 road,street,path和highway

318 rock和stone

319 room的用法

320 scenery,scene和view

321 school,college和university

322 school还是the school

323 a shoe shop还是a shoe's shop——名词可以作定语

324 size的用法

325 sock和stocking

326 speed和rate

327 Teachers' Day还是the Teachers' Day

328 the window of Tom's room——of所有格和's所有格能否同时使用

329 top的用法

330 “王老师”在英语中怎样称呼

331 way的2种用法

二、正误速辨

第七章 动词与时态

一、重点难点精讲

332 accept和receive

333 ache和pain

334 achieve,gain和get

335 address和speak to

336 agree to,agree with和agree on/upon

337 agriculture和farming

338 arrive,get to和reach

339 ask和please

340 ask和question

341 ask,ask for和ask sb. for

342 be动词——初中学生说话造句容易丢失的一种动词

343 be等连系动词的使用要点

344 bear,stand和put up with

345 beat和win

346 beat,hit,knock,pat,tap和strike

347 become,get,grow和turn

348 begin,start和begin with

349 borrow,lend和keep

350 bring,take,get,carry和fetch

351 buy sth. for sb.和mend sth. for sb. 结构是否相同

352 call的3种用法

353 call at,call on和visit

354 can和be able to

355 can和may都可以表示请求或许可

356 “can't+动词”和“mustn't+动词”

357 can't help doing sth.和can't help but do sth.

358 carry和hold

359 catch和catch up with

360 clean,sweep和wipe

361 closed是过去分词还是形容词

362 collect和gather

363 come in,come into和enter

364 come over和go over

365 cost,spend,take和pay for——“花费”的4种表示法

366 cost,price,expense和charge

367 could表示“客气,礼貌”和would表示“请求”

368 cover的用法

369 die和dead

370 do和make

371 do some washing

372 do well in和do badly in

373 do with怎样使用

374 drag,draw和pull

375 draw和paint

376 dress,dress up,put on,wear和be in

377 drop和fall

378 end和finish

379 enjoy oneself和teach oneself中的反身代词怎样使用

380 fail的3种用法

381 feel like(doing)sth.

382 feel/find/think it+形容词/名词+to do sth.

383 fill,fill in,fill... with和full

384 find,find out和look for

385 finish at和start at

386 fly high还是fly highly

387 forget to do sth.和forget doing sth.

388 found和founded

389 get的3种用法

390 get和have

391 get on with sth.和get on with sb.

392 get ready for sth.和get ready to do sth.

393 give back和have back

394 能否说give her it

395 “go and+动词原形”结构的含义

396 go fishing

397 go on doing sth.,go on with sth.和go on to do sth.

398 go to bed,go to sleep和fall asleep

399 go to school和go to the school

400 be going to和will

401 be going to的3种含义

402 grow,keep和plant能否都表示“种植”

403 guess,suppose和imagine

404 had better,would like和should like

405 happen的用法

406 happen和take place

407 hate和dislike

408 have可以构成哪些习惯用语

409 have,there be和own

410 have a go和have a try

411 have done sth.和have sth. done均可表示“已做了某事”,但含义不同

412 have a good time和enjoy oneself very much是否同义

413 have a look不同于have a look at

414 have,have got和have got to

415 have been to和have been in

416 have gone和have been

417 hear of和hear from

418 help表示“帮助某人做某事”有几种结构

419 hope和wish作动词的比较

420 hurry up和hurry off

421 hurt和harm

422 in order to do sth.的用法

423 join,join in,take part in和attend

424 join the army和be in the army——非延续性动词怎样正确使用

425 keep的用法

426 kill和shoot

427 know和know about

428 laugh,laugh at和smile

429 lay,place,put和set

430 learn和study

431 leave和forget

432 let us和let's

433 lie和lay

434 like,love和enjoy

435 like和would like能否换用

436 like being的用法

437 like better,like best/most和like...best of all

438 be like和look like

439 listen,hear,hear of,hear from和sound

440 look和seem

441 look after和take care of

442 look,see和watch

443 be made后跟哪些介词

444 make friends还是make friend

445 manage to do和try to do

446 may be,may not be,maybe和perhaps

447 mean和meaning

448 mend和repair

449 mind doing sth.还是mind to do sth.

450 miss和lose

451 must和have to

452 must,mustn't和needn't怎样正确使用

453 must在反意疑问句中的形式

454 name作动词怎样使用

455 need和want

456 need do sth.和need to do sth.是否都对

457 own是动词还是形容词

458 pass,past和cross

459 pause和stop

460 pick和pick up

461 play和play with

462 prefer和like

463 put them on还是put on them

464 result from和result in

465 return还是return back

466 ride和drive

467 ring up和telephone

468 rise,raise和arise

469 save的2种用法

470 say,speak,talk和tell

471 see的用法以及“看”的不同说法

472 see sb. do sth.和be seen to do sth.——用to还是不用to

473 see sb. do sth.和see sb. doing sth.

474 seem后的结构

475 send,send for和send away

476 She is coming能否表示“她将要来”

477 should的基本用法

478 should可以表示意外和惊奇

479 show的用法

480 sit和seat

481 sleep,sleepy和asleep

482 “smell+形容词”和“smell+宾语”

483 smile at和laugh at

484 stop...from doing sth.是什么结构

485 stop to do sth.和stop doing sth.

486 talk about和talk to

487 take off的2种用法

488 teach sb.+sth.和teach sth. to sb. 能否相互转换

489 tell...about和tell...from

490 thank you,thanks,thanks to和thank you for

491 think,think about,think of和think over

492 treat和cure

493 trouble的用法

494 try to do sth.,try doing sth.,try out和try on

495 turn和change

496 be used as,be used for和be used to(doing)sth.

497 used to do sth.的用法

498 wake和awake

499 walk和on foot

500 wear out和be worn out

501 welcome的用法

502 what to do结构——不定式怎样同疑问代词和疑问副词连用

503 Where does he live?还是Where does he live in?

504 will,would和shall能否用作情态动词

505 work hard和hard work

506 work on,work hard on和at work

507 worry,worry about和be worried about

508 不定式可以在哪些动词后作宾语

509 find it difficult to do sth.——不定式作宾语怎样使用

510 不定式可以在哪些动词后作宾语补足语

511 “be glad+不定式”和“be glad+that从句”是否相同

512 a pen to write with——不定式怎样作定语

513 不定式经常用作状语,表示目的、结果、程度等

514 “打电话”的几种说法

515 “转弯”的几种说法

二、正误速辨

第八章 句型与疑难结构

一、重点难点精讲

516 after you leave还是after you will leave——需要用一般现在时代替一般将来时的从句

517 already和ever——现在完成时有哪些标志词

518 (名词主语)+be hard/difficult/easy/cheap/impossible to do

519 Can you see it?和Can't you see it?

520 do come here是什么结构

521 do you think可以用作插入语

522 Excuse me,(I'm)sorry和(I beg your)pardon均可表示“对不起”,但有区别

523 good evening不同于good night

524 Here comes the bus与Here he comes的结构为什么不同

525 Here you are和Here it is

526 how构成的感叹句有几种结构

527 how about和what about是否可以换用

528 How do you like...?,What do you think of...?和How do you find...?

529 how long,how far,how often和how soon

530 I think so,I don't think so,I hope not和I'm afraid not

531 if possible的用法

532 It's best to do sth.,It's better to do sth. than和the best time to do sth.

533 It's good/bad for...和What's the English for...中的for表示什么含义

534 It's nice doing sth.

535 It's one's turn和It's one's turn to do sth.

536 It is said/reported/well known that...

537 It takes(sb.)+ 时间名词+to do sth.

538 It's time to do sth.,It's time for sth.,There is no time to do sth.和It is time+句子

539 It is+形容词/名词+for sb.+to do sth.

540 It is+形容词+of sb.+to do sth.

541 It is+数词+metres/miles/kilometres long/wide

542 It's+时间名词+since从句

543 It's/has been+一段时间+since从句

544 It feels+形容词+to do sth.

545 Nice to meet you!和Nice to see you!等

546 not...until/till和not...before

547 Oh dear!和Thank goodness!表示的感叹语气不同

548 Shall I...?或Shall we...?并不一定表示将来

549 so is he和neither is he

550 that's all right,all right和that's right

551 That's it.和Is this it?

552 there be句型的几个难点和have

553 There is something wrong with...

554 There is a pen and three books.还是There are a pen and three books.

555 there is going to be还是there is going to have

556 there可否用作感叹词

557 though和but不可连用

558 too...to do sth.,not too... to do sth.和not...enough to do sth.

559 What class are you in?还是What class are you?

560 What day+be和What+be+the date——星期和日期的表示法

561 What happy children they are! 怎样转换为how感叹句

562 What is he?表示什么含义

563 What is it?不同于What is this?

564 What's...like表示的2种含义

565 What's wrong?和What's the matter?能否换用

566 what money是什么含义

567 whatever的用法

568 when可以表示and then和at that time/moment

569 when和what time对时间提问的区别

570 Where is it from?和Who is it from?

571 Why not和Why don't能否换用

572 宾语从句可以用哪些词引导

573 祈使句的反意疑问句有几种类型

574 “祈使句+and+陈述句”和“祈使句+or+陈述句”的区别

二、正误速辨

综合测试实战演练

Passage One

Passage Two

Passage Three

Passage Four

Passage Five

Passage Six

Passage Seven

Passage Eight

答案与解析

Passage One

Passage Two

Passage Three

Passage Four

Passage Five

Passage Six

Passage Seven

Passage Eight

索引

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