The Prince电子书

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作       者:Niccolo Machiavelli

出  版  社:eKitap Projesi


字       数:22.5万

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Looking back to those days of old, ere the gate shut behind me, I can see now that to children with a proper equipment of parents these things would have worn a different aspect. But to those whose nearest were aunts and uncles, a special attitude of mind may be allowed. They treated us, indeed, with kindness enough as to the needs of the flesh, but after that with indifference (an indifference, as I recognise, the result of a certain stupidity), and therewith the commonplace conviction that your child is merely animal. At a very early age I remember realising in a quite impersonal and kindly way the existence of that stupidity, and its tremendous influence in the world; while there grew up in me, as in the parallel case of Caliban upon Setebos, a vague sense of a ruling power, wilful and freakish, and prone to the practice of vagaries--"just choosing so:" as, for instance, the giving of authority over us to these hopeless and incapable creatures, when it might far more reasonably have been given to ourselves over them. These elders, our betters by a trick of chance, commanded no respect, but only a certain blend of envy--of their good luck--and pity--for their inability to make use of it. Indeed, it was one of the most hopeless features in their character (when we troubled ourselves to waste a thought on them: which wasn't often) that, having absolute licence to indulge in the pleasures of life, they could get no good of it. They might dabble in the pond all day, hunt the chickens, climb trees in the most uncompromising Sunday clothes; they were free to issue forth and buy gunpowder in the full eye of the sun--free to fire cannons and explode mines on the lawn: yet they never did any one of these things. No irresistible Energy haled them to church o' Sundays; yet they went there regularly of their own accord, though they betrayed no greater delight in the experience than ourselves. On the whole, the existence of these Olympians seemed to be entirely void of interests, even as their movements were confined and slow, and their habits stereotyped and senseless. To anything but appearances they were blind. For them the orchard (a place elf-haunted, wonderful!) simply produced so many apples and cherries: or it didn't, when the failures of Nature were not infrequently ascribed to us. They never set foot within fir-wood or hazel-copse, nor dreamt of the marvels hid therein. The mysterious sources--sources as of old Nile--that fed the duck-pond had no magic for them. They were unaware of Indians, nor recked they anything of bisons or of pirates (with pistols!), though the whole place swarmed with such portents. They cared not about exploring for robbers' caves, nor digging for hidden treasure. Perhaps, indeed, it was one of their best qualities that they spent the greater part of their time stuffily indoors. To be sure, there was an exception in the curate, who would receive unblenching the information that the meadow beyond the orchard was a prairie studded with herds of buffalo, which it was our delight, moccasined and tomahawked, to ride down with those whoops that announce the scenting of blood. He neither laughed nor sneered, as the Olympians would have done; but possessed of a serious idiosyncrasy, he would contribute such lots of valuable suggestion as to the pursuit of this particular sort of big game that, as it seemed to us, his mature age and eminent position could scarce have been attained without a practical knowledge of the creature in its native lair. Then, too, he was always ready to constitute himself a hostile army or a band of marauding Indians on the shortest possible notice: in brief, a distinctly able man, with talents, so far as we could judge, immensely above the majority. I trust he is a bishop by this time,--he had all the necessary qualifications, as we knew.These strange folk had visitors sometimes,--stiff and colourless Olympians like themselves, equally without vital interests and intelligent pursuits: emerging out of the clouds, and passing away again to drag on an aimless existence somewhere out of our ken. Then brute force was pitilessly applied. We were captured, washed, and forced into clean collars: silently submitting, as was our wont, with more contempt than anger. Anon, with unctuous hair and faces stiffened in a conventional grin, we sat and listened to the usual platitudes. How could reasonable people spend their precious time so? That was ever our wonder as we bounded forth at last--to the old clay-pit to make pots, or to hunt bears among the hazels. It was incessant matter for amazement how these Olympians would talk over our heads--during meals, for instance--of this or the other social or political inanity, under the delusion that these pale phantasms of reality were among the importances of life. We illuminati, eating silently, our heads full of plans and conspiracies, could have told them what real life was. We had just left it outside

The Prince {Illustrated}

About Author

Preface (About the Book)

Chapter I

— How Many Kinds of Principalities There Are, And By What Means They Are Acquired

Chapter II

— Concerning Hereditary Principalities

Chapter III

— Concerning Mixed Principalities

Chapter IV

— Why the Kingdom of Darius, Conquered By Alexander, Did Not Rebel Against the Successors of Alexander At His Death

Chapter V

— Concerning the Way to Govern Cities Or Principalities Which Lived Under Their Own Laws Before They Were Annexed

Chapter VI

— Concerning New Principalities Which Are Acquired By One’s Own Arms And Ability

Chapter VII

— Converning New Principalities Which Are Acquired Either By the Arms of Others Or By Good Fortune

Chapter VIII

— Concerning Those Who Have Obtained a Principality By Wickedness

Chapter IX

— Concerning a Civil Principality

Chapter X

— Concerning the Way in Which the Strength of All Principalities Ooght to Be Measured

Chapter XI

— Concerning Ecclesiastical Pricinpalities

Chapter XII

— How Many Kinds of Soldiery There Are, And Concerning Mercenaries

Chapter XIII

— Concerning Auxiliaries, Mixed Soldiery, And One’s Own

Chapter XIV

— That Which Concern a Prince On The Subject of the Art of War

Chapter XV

— Concerning Things For Which Men, And Especially Princes, Are Praised Or Blamed

Chapter XVI

— Concerning Liberality And Meanness

Chapter XVII

— Concerning Cruelty And Clemency And Whether It Is Better to Be Loved Than Feared

Chapter XVIII(*)

— Concerning the Way In Which Princes Should Keep Faith

Chapter XIX

— That One Should Avoid Being Despised And Hated

Chapter XX

— Are Fortresses, And Many Other Things to Which Princes Often Resort, Advantageous Or Hurtful?

Chapter XXI

— How a Prince Should Conduct Himself So As to Gain Renown?

Chapter XXII

— Concerning the Secretaries of Princes

Chapter XXIII

— How Flatterers Should Be Avoided

Chapter XXIV

— Why the Princes of Italy Have Lost Their States?

Chapter XXV

— What Fortune Can Effect In Human Affairs And How to Withstand Her?

Chapter XXVI

— An Exhortation to Liberate Italy From the Barbarians

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